劝学(节选)


  君子曰:学不可以已。   青,取之于蓝,而青于蓝;冰,水为之,而寒于水。木直中绳,輮以为轮,其曲中规。虽有槁暴,不复挺者,輮使之然也。故木受绳则直,金就砺则利,君子博学而日参省乎己,则知明而行无过矣。   吾尝终日而思矣,不如须臾之所学也;吾尝跂而望矣,不如登高之博见也。登高而招,臂非加长也,而见者远;顺风而呼,声非加疾也,而闻者彰。假舆马者,非利足也,而致千里;假舟楫者,非能水也,而绝江河。君子生非异也,善假于物也。   积土成山,风雨兴焉;积水成渊,蛟龙生焉;积善成德,而神明自得,圣心备焉。故不积跬步,无以至千里;不积小流,无以成江海。骐骥一跃,不能十步;驽马十驾,功在不舍。锲而舍之,朽木不折;锲而不舍,金石可镂。蚓无爪牙之利,筋骨之强,上食埃土,下饮黄泉,用心一也。蟹六跪而二螯,非蛇鳝之穴无可寄托者,用心躁也。

  jun zi yue :xue bu ke yi yi 。   qing ,qu zhi yu lan ,er qing yu lan ;bing ,shui wei zhi ,er han yu shui 。mu zhi zhong sheng ,zuo yi wei lun ,qi qu zhong gui 。sui you zuo bao ,bu fu ting zhe ,zuo shi zhi ran ye 。gu mu shou sheng ze zhi ,jin jiu zuo ze li ,jun zi bo xue er ri can sheng hu ji ,ze zhi ming er xing wu guo yi 。   wu chang zhong ri er si yi ,bu ru xu zuo zhi suo xue ye ;wu chang zuo er wang yi ,bu ru deng gao zhi bo jian ye 。deng gao er zhao ,bi fei jia chang ye ,er jian zhe yuan ;shun feng er hu ,sheng fei jia ji ye ,er wen zhe zhang 。jia yu ma zhe ,fei li zu ye ,er zhi qian li ;jia zhou zuo zhe ,fei neng shui ye ,er jue jiang he 。jun zi sheng fei yi ye ,shan jia yu wu ye 。   ji tu cheng shan ,feng yu xing yan ;ji shui cheng yuan ,zuo long sheng yan ;ji shan cheng de ,er shen ming zi de ,sheng xin bei yan 。gu bu ji zuo bu ,wu yi zhi qian li ;bu ji xiao liu ,wu yi cheng jiang hai 。zuo zuo yi yue ,bu neng shi bu ;zuo ma shi jia ,gong zai bu she 。zuo er she zhi ,xiu mu bu zhe ;zuo er bu she ,jin shi ke zuo 。zuo wu zhua ya zhi li ,jin gu zhi qiang ,shang shi ai tu ,xia yin huang quan ,yong xin yi ye 。xie liu gui er er zuo ,fei she zuo zhi xue wu ke ji tuo zhe ,yong xin zao ye 。
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师说


  古之学者必有师。师者,所以传道受业解惑也。人非生而知之者,孰能无惑?惑而不从师,其为惑也,终不解矣。生乎吾前,其闻道也固先乎吾,吾从而师之;生乎吾后,其闻道也亦先乎吾,吾从而师之。吾师道也,夫庸知其年之先后生于吾乎?是故无贵无贱,无长无少,道之所存,师之所存也。   嗟乎!师道之不传也久矣!欲人之无惑也难矣!古之圣人,其出人也远矣,犹且从师而问焉;今之众人,其下圣人也亦远矣,而耻学于师。是故圣益圣,愚益愚。圣人之所以为圣,愚人之所以为愚,其皆出于此乎?爱其子,择师而教之;于其身也,则耻师焉,惑矣。彼童子之师,授之书而习其句读者,非吾所谓传其道解其惑者也。句读之不知,惑之不解,或师焉,或不焉,小学而大遗,吾未见其明也。巫医乐师百工之人,不耻相师。士大夫之族,曰师曰弟子云者,则群聚而笑之。问之,则曰:“彼与彼年相若也,道相似也,位卑则足羞,官盛则近谀。”呜呼!师道之不复,可知矣。巫医乐师百工之人,君子不齿,今其智乃反不能及,其可怪也欤!   圣人无常师。孔子师郯子、苌弘、师襄、老聃。郯子之徒,其贤不及孔子。孔子曰:三人行,则必有我师。是故弟子不必不如师,师不必贤于弟子,闻道有先后,术业有专攻,如是而已。   李氏子蟠,年十七,好古文,六艺经传皆通习之,不拘于时,学于余。余嘉其能行古道,作《师说》以贻之。

  gu zhi xue zhe bi you shi 。shi zhe ,suo yi chuan dao shou ye jie huo ye 。ren fei sheng er zhi zhi zhe ,shu neng wu huo ?huo er bu cong shi ,qi wei huo ye ,zhong bu jie yi 。sheng hu wu qian ,qi wen dao ye gu xian hu wu ,wu cong er shi zhi ;sheng hu wu hou ,qi wen dao ye yi xian hu wu ,wu cong er shi zhi 。wu shi dao ye ,fu yong zhi qi nian zhi xian hou sheng yu wu hu ?shi gu wu gui wu jian ,wu chang wu shao ,dao zhi suo cun ,shi zhi suo cun ye 。   zuo hu !shi dao zhi bu chuan ye jiu yi !yu ren zhi wu huo ye nan yi !gu zhi sheng ren ,qi chu ren ye yuan yi ,you qie cong shi er wen yan ;jin zhi zhong ren ,qi xia sheng ren ye yi yuan yi ,er chi xue yu shi 。shi gu sheng yi sheng ,yu yi yu 。sheng ren zhi suo yi wei sheng ,yu ren zhi suo yi wei yu ,qi jie chu yu ci hu ?ai qi zi ,ze shi er jiao zhi ;yu qi shen ye ,ze chi shi yan ,huo yi 。bi tong zi zhi shi ,shou zhi shu er xi qi ju du zhe ,fei wu suo wei chuan qi dao jie qi huo zhe ye 。ju du zhi bu zhi ,huo zhi bu jie ,huo shi yan ,huo bu yan ,xiao xue er da yi ,wu wei jian qi ming ye 。wu yi le shi bai gong zhi ren ,bu chi xiang shi 。shi da fu zhi zu ,yue shi yue di zi yun zhe ,ze qun ju er xiao zhi 。wen zhi ,ze yue :“bi yu bi nian xiang ruo ye ,dao xiang si ye ,wei bei ze zu xiu ,guan sheng ze jin zuo 。”wu hu !shi dao zhi bu fu ,ke zhi yi 。wu yi le shi bai gong zhi ren ,jun zi bu chi ,jin qi zhi nai fan bu neng ji ,qi ke guai ye zuo !   sheng ren wu chang shi 。kong zi shi zuo zi 、zuo hong 、shi xiang 、lao zuo 。zuo zi zhi tu ,qi xian bu ji kong zi 。kong zi yue :san ren xing ,ze bi you wo shi 。shi gu di zi bu bi bu ru shi ,shi bu bi xian yu di zi ,wen dao you xian hou ,shu ye you zhuan gong ,ru shi er yi 。   li shi zi zuo ,nian shi qi ,hao gu wen ,liu yi jing chuan jie tong xi zhi ,bu ju yu shi ,xue yu yu 。yu jia qi neng xing gu dao ,zuo 《shi shuo 》yi zuo zhi 。
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赤壁赋


  壬戌之秋,七月既望,苏子与客泛舟,游于赤壁之下。清风徐来,水波不兴。举酒属客,诵明月之诗,歌窈窕之章。少焉,月出于东山之上,徘徊于斗牛之间。白露横江,水光接天。纵一苇之所如,凌万顷之茫然。浩浩乎如冯虚御风,而不知其所止;飘飘乎如遗世独立,羽化而登仙。(冯 通:凭)   于是饮酒乐甚,扣舷而歌之。歌曰:“桂棹兮兰桨,击空明兮溯流光。渺渺兮予怀,望美人兮天一方。”客有吹洞箫者,倚歌而和之。其声呜呜然,如怨如慕,如泣如诉;余音袅袅,不绝如缕。舞幽壑之潜蛟,泣孤舟之嫠妇。   苏子愀然,正襟危坐,而问客曰:“何为其然也?”客曰:“‘月明星稀,乌鹊南飞。’此非曹孟德之诗乎?西望夏口,东望武昌,山川相缪,郁乎苍苍,此非孟德之困于周郎者乎?方其破荆州,下江陵,顺流而东也,舳舻千里,旌旗蔽空,酾酒临江,横槊赋诗,固一世之雄也,而今安在哉?况吾与子渔樵于江渚之上,侣鱼虾而友麋鹿,驾一叶之扁舟,举匏樽以相属。寄蜉蝣于天地,渺沧海之一粟。哀吾生之须臾,羡长江之无穷。挟飞仙以遨游,抱明月而长终。知不可乎骤得,托遗响于悲风。”   苏子曰:“客亦知夫水与月乎?逝者如斯,而未尝往也;盈虚者如彼,而卒莫消长也。盖将自其变者而观之,则天地曾不能以一瞬;自其不变者而观之,则物与我皆无尽也,而又何羡乎!且夫天地之间,物各有主,苟非吾之所有,虽一毫而莫取。惟江上之清风,与山间之明月,耳得之而为声,目遇之而成色,取之无禁,用之不竭。是造物者之无尽藏也,而吾与子之所共适。”(共适 一作:共食)   客喜而笑,洗盏更酌。肴核既尽,杯盘狼籍。相与枕藉乎舟中,不知东方之既白。

  ren xu zhi qiu ,qi yue ji wang ,su zi yu ke fan zhou ,you yu chi bi zhi xia 。qing feng xu lai ,shui bo bu xing 。ju jiu shu ke ,song ming yue zhi shi ,ge zuo zuo zhi zhang 。shao yan ,yue chu yu dong shan zhi shang ,pai huai yu dou niu zhi jian 。bai lu heng jiang ,shui guang jie tian 。zong yi wei zhi suo ru ,ling wan qing zhi mang ran 。hao hao hu ru feng xu yu feng ,er bu zhi qi suo zhi ;piao piao hu ru yi shi du li ,yu hua er deng xian 。(feng tong :ping )   yu shi yin jiu le shen ,kou xian er ge zhi 。ge yue :“gui zuo zuo lan jiang ,ji kong ming zuo su liu guang 。miao miao zuo yu huai ,wang mei ren zuo tian yi fang 。”ke you chui dong zuo zhe ,yi ge er he zhi 。qi sheng wu wu ran ,ru yuan ru mu ,ru qi ru su ;yu yin zuo zuo ,bu jue ru lv 。wu you zuo zhi qian zuo ,qi gu zhou zhi zuo fu 。   su zi zuo ran ,zheng jin wei zuo ,er wen ke yue :“he wei qi ran ye ?”ke yue :“‘yue ming xing xi ,wu que nan fei 。’ci fei cao meng de zhi shi hu ?xi wang xia kou ,dong wang wu chang ,shan chuan xiang zuo ,yu hu cang cang ,ci fei meng de zhi kun yu zhou lang zhe hu ?fang qi po jing zhou ,xia jiang ling ,shun liu er dong ye ,zuo zuo qian li ,zuo qi bi kong ,zuo jiu lin jiang ,heng zuo fu shi ,gu yi shi zhi xiong ye ,er jin an zai zai ?kuang wu yu zi yu zuo yu jiang zuo zhi shang ,lv yu xia er you zuo lu ,jia yi ye zhi bian zhou ,ju zuo zuo yi xiang shu 。ji zuo zuo yu tian di ,miao cang hai zhi yi su 。ai wu sheng zhi xu zuo ,xian chang jiang zhi wu qiong 。xie fei xian yi zuo you ,bao ming yue er chang zhong 。zhi bu ke hu zhou de ,tuo yi xiang yu bei feng 。”   su zi yue :“ke yi zhi fu shui yu yue hu ?shi zhe ru si ,er wei chang wang ye ;ying xu zhe ru bi ,er zu mo xiao chang ye 。gai jiang zi qi bian zhe er guan zhi ,ze tian di zeng bu neng yi yi shun ;zi qi bu bian zhe er guan zhi ,ze wu yu wo jie wu jin ye ,er you he xian hu !qie fu tian di zhi jian ,wu ge you zhu ,gou fei wu zhi suo you ,sui yi hao er mo qu 。wei jiang shang zhi qing feng ,yu shan jian zhi ming yue ,er de zhi er wei sheng ,mu yu zhi er cheng se ,qu zhi wu jin ,yong zhi bu jie 。shi zao wu zhe zhi wu jin cang ye ,er wu yu zi zhi suo gong shi 。”(gong shi yi zuo :gong shi )   ke xi er xiao ,xi zhan geng zhuo 。zuo he ji jin ,bei pan lang ji 。xiang yu zhen jie hu zhou zhong ,bu zhi dong fang zhi ji bai 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

登泰山记


  泰山之阳,汶水西流;其阴,济水东流。阳谷皆入汶,阴谷皆入济。当其南北分者,古长城也。最高日观峰,在长城南十五里。   余以乾隆三十九年十二月,自京师乘风雪,历齐河、长清,穿泰山西北谷,越长城之限,至于泰安。是月丁未,与知府朱孝纯子颍由南麓登。四十五里,道皆砌石为磴,其级七千有余。泰山正南面有三谷。中谷绕泰安城下,郦道元所谓环水也。余始循以入,道少半,越中岭,复循西谷,遂至其巅。古时登山,循东谷入,道有天门。东谷者,古谓之天门溪水,余所不至也。今所经中岭及山巅,崖限当道者,世皆谓之天门云。道中迷雾冰滑,磴几不可登。及既上,苍山负雪,明烛天南。望晚日照城郭,汶水、徂徕如画,而半山居雾若带然。   戊申晦,五鼓,与子颍坐日观亭,待日出。大风扬积雪击面。亭东自足下皆云漫。稍见云中白若摴蒱数十立者,山也。极天云一线异色,须臾成五采。日上,正赤如丹,下有红光动摇承之。或曰,此东海也。回视日观以西峰,或得日或否,绛皓驳色,而皆若偻。   亭西有岱祠,又有碧霞元君祠。皇帝行宫在碧霞元君祠东。是日观道中石刻,自唐显庆以来;其远古刻尽漫失。僻不当道者,皆不及往。   山多石,少土。石苍黑色,多平方,少圜。少杂树,多松,生石罅,皆平顶。冰雪,无瀑水,无鸟兽音迹。至日观数里内无树,而雪与人膝齐。   桐城姚鼐记。

  tai shan zhi yang ,zuo shui xi liu ;qi yin ,ji shui dong liu 。yang gu jie ru zuo ,yin gu jie ru ji 。dang qi nan bei fen zhe ,gu chang cheng ye 。zui gao ri guan feng ,zai chang cheng nan shi wu li 。   yu yi qian long san shi jiu nian shi er yue ,zi jing shi cheng feng xue ,li qi he 、chang qing ,chuan tai shan xi bei gu ,yue chang cheng zhi xian ,zhi yu tai an 。shi yue ding wei ,yu zhi fu zhu xiao chun zi zuo you nan lu deng 。si shi wu li ,dao jie qi shi wei zuo ,qi ji qi qian you yu 。tai shan zheng nan mian you san gu 。zhong gu rao tai an cheng xia ,zuo dao yuan suo wei huan shui ye 。yu shi xun yi ru ,dao shao ban ,yue zhong ling ,fu xun xi gu ,sui zhi qi zuo 。gu shi deng shan ,xun dong gu ru ,dao you tian men 。dong gu zhe ,gu wei zhi tian men xi shui ,yu suo bu zhi ye 。jin suo jing zhong ling ji shan zuo ,ya xian dang dao zhe ,shi jie wei zhi tian men yun 。dao zhong mi wu bing hua ,zuo ji bu ke deng 。ji ji shang ,cang shan fu xue ,ming zhu tian nan 。wang wan ri zhao cheng guo ,zuo shui 、zuo zuo ru hua ,er ban shan ju wu ruo dai ran 。   wu shen hui ,wu gu ,yu zi zuo zuo ri guan ting ,dai ri chu 。da feng yang ji xue ji mian 。ting dong zi zu xia jie yun man 。shao jian yun zhong bai ruo san shu shi li zhe ,shan ye 。ji tian yun yi xian yi se ,xu zuo cheng wu cai 。ri shang ,zheng chi ru dan ,xia you hong guang dong yao cheng zhi 。huo yue ,ci dong hai ye 。hui shi ri guan yi xi feng ,huo de ri huo fou ,zuo zuo bo se ,er jie ruo zuo 。   ting xi you zuo zuo ,you you bi xia yuan jun zuo 。huang di xing gong zai bi xia yuan jun zuo dong 。shi ri guan dao zhong shi ke ,zi tang xian qing yi lai ;qi yuan gu ke jin man shi 。pi bu dang dao zhe ,jie bu ji wang 。   shan duo shi ,shao tu 。shi cang hei se ,duo ping fang ,shao zuo 。shao za shu ,duo song ,sheng shi zuo ,jie ping ding 。bing xue ,wu pu shui ,wu niao shou yin ji 。zhi ri guan shu li nei wu shu ,er xue yu ren xi qi 。   tong cheng yao zuo ji 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

子路、曾皙、冉有、公西华侍坐。 子曰:“以吾一日长乎尔,毋吾以也。居则曰:‘不吾知也。’如或知尔,则何以哉?” 子路率尔而对曰:“千乘之国,摄乎大国之间,加之以师旅,因之以饥馑;由也为之,比及三年,可使有勇,且知方也。” 夫子哂之。 “求!尔何如?” 对曰:“方六七十,如五六十,求也为之,比及三年,可使足民。如其礼乐,以俟君子。” “赤!尔何如?” 对曰:“非曰能之,愿学焉。宗庙之事,如会同,端章甫,愿为小相焉。” “点!尔何如?” 鼓瑟希,铿尔,舍瑟而作,对曰:“异乎三子者之撰。” 子曰:“何伤乎?亦各言其志也。” 曰:“莫春者,春服既成,冠者五六人,童子六七人,浴乎沂,风乎舞雩,咏而归。” 夫子喟然叹曰:“吾与点也!” 三子者出,曾皙后。曾皙曰:“夫三子者之言何如?” 子曰:“亦各言其志也已矣。” 曰:“夫子何哂由也?” 曰:“为国以礼,其言不让,是故哂之。” “唯求则非邦也与?” “安见方六七十,如五六十而非邦也者?” “唯赤则非邦也与?” “宗庙会同,非诸侯而何?赤也为之小,孰能为之大?”

zi lu 、zeng zuo 、ran you 、gong xi hua shi zuo 。 zi yue :“yi wu yi ri chang hu er ,wu wu yi ye 。ju ze yue :‘bu wu zhi ye 。’ru huo zhi er ,ze he yi zai ?” zi lu lv er er dui yue :“qian cheng zhi guo ,she hu da guo zhi jian ,jia zhi yi shi lv ,yin zhi yi ji zuo ;you ye wei zhi ,bi ji san nian ,ke shi you yong ,qie zhi fang ye 。” fu zi zuo zhi 。 “qiu !er he ru ?” dui yue :“fang liu qi shi ,ru wu liu shi ,qiu ye wei zhi ,bi ji san nian ,ke shi zu min 。ru qi li le ,yi zuo jun zi 。” “chi !er he ru ?” dui yue :“fei yue neng zhi ,yuan xue yan 。zong miao zhi shi ,ru hui tong ,duan zhang fu ,yuan wei xiao xiang yan 。” “dian !er he ru ?” gu se xi ,zuo er ,she se er zuo ,dui yue :“yi hu san zi zhe zhi zhuan 。” zi yue :“he shang hu ?yi ge yan qi zhi ye 。” yue :“mo chun zhe ,chun fu ji cheng ,guan zhe wu liu ren ,tong zi liu qi ren ,yu hu yi ,feng hu wu zuo ,yong er gui 。” fu zi zuo ran tan yue :“wu yu dian ye !” san zi zhe chu ,zeng zuo hou 。zeng zuo yue :“fu san zi zhe zhi yan he ru ?” zi yue :“yi ge yan qi zhi ye yi yi 。” yue :“fu zi he zuo you ye ?” yue :“wei guo yi li ,qi yan bu rang ,shi gu zuo zhi 。” “wei qiu ze fei bang ye yu ?” “an jian fang liu qi shi ,ru wu liu shi er fei bang ye zhe ?” “wei chi ze fei bang ye yu ?” “zong miao hui tong ,fei zhu hou er he ?chi ye wei zhi xiao ,shu neng wei zhi da ?”
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  齐宣王问曰:“齐桓、晋文之事可得闻乎?”   孟子对曰:“仲尼之徒无道桓文之事者,是以后世无传焉,臣未之闻也。无以,则王乎?”   曰:“德何如则可以王矣?”   曰:“保民而王,莫之能御也。”   曰:“若寡人者,可以保民乎哉?”   曰:“可。”   曰:“何由知吾可也?”   曰:“臣闻之胡龁曰:王坐于堂上,有牵牛而过堂下者,王见之,曰:‘牛何之?’对曰:‘将以衅钟。’王曰:‘舍之!吾不忍其觳觫,若无罪而就死地。’对曰:‘然则废衅钟与?’曰:‘何可废也,以羊易之。’不识有诸?”   曰:“有之。”   曰:“是心足以王矣。百姓皆以王为爱也,臣固知王之不忍也。”   王曰:“然,诚有百姓者。齐国虽褊小,吾何爱一牛?即不忍其觳觫,若无罪而就死地,故以羊易之也。”   曰:“王无异于百姓之以王为爱也。以小易大,彼恶知之?王若隐其无罪而就死地,则牛羊何择焉?”   王笑曰:“是诚何心哉?我非爱其财而易之以羊也,宜乎百姓之谓我爱也。”   曰:“无伤也,是乃仁术也,见牛未见羊也。君子之于禽兽也,见其生,不忍见其死;闻其声,不忍食其肉。是以君子远庖厨也。”   王说,曰:“《诗》云:‘他人有心,予忖度之。’夫子之谓也。夫我乃行之,反而求之,不得吾心;夫子言之,于我心有戚戚焉。此心之所以合于王者,何也?”   曰:“有复于王者曰:‘吾力足以举百钧,而不足以举一羽;明足以察秋毫之末,而不见舆薪。’则王许之乎?”   曰:“否!”   “今恩足以及禽兽,而功不至于百姓者,独何与?然则一羽之不举,为不用力焉;舆薪之不见,为不用明焉;百姓之不见保,为不用恩焉。故王之不王,不为也,非不能也。”   曰:“不为者与不能者之形,何以异?”   曰:“挟太山以超北海,语人曰:‘我不能。’是诚不能也。为长者折枝,语人曰:‘我不能。’是不为也,非不能也。故王之不王,非挟太山以超北海之类也;王之不王,是折枝之类也。老吾老,以及人之老;幼吾幼,以及人之幼:天下可运于掌。《诗》云:‘刑于寡妻,至于兄弟,以御于家邦。’言举斯心加诸彼而已。故推恩足以保四海,不推恩无以保妻子。古之人所以大过人者,无他焉,善推其所为而已矣。今恩足以及禽兽,而功不至于百姓者,独何与?权,然后知轻重;度,然后知长短。物皆然,心为甚。王请度之!   “抑王兴甲兵,危士臣,构怨于诸侯,然后快于心与?”   王曰:“否,吾何快于是?将以求吾所大欲也。”   曰:“王之所大欲,可得闻与?”   王笑而不言。   曰:“为肥甘不足于口与?轻暖不足于体与?抑为采色不足视于目与?声音不足听于耳与?便嬖不足使令于前与?王之诸臣皆足以供之,而王岂为是哉?”   曰:“否,吾不为是也。”   曰:“然则王之所大欲可知已:欲辟土地,朝秦楚,莅中国而抚四夷也。以若所为,求若所欲,犹缘木而求鱼也。”   王曰:“若是其甚与?”   曰:“殆有甚焉。缘木求鱼,虽不得鱼,无后灾;以若所为,求若所欲,尽心力而为之,后必有灾。”   曰:“可得闻与?”   曰:“邹人与楚人战,则王以为孰胜?”   曰:“楚人胜。”   曰:“然则小固不可以敌大,寡固不可以敌众,弱固不可以敌强。海内之地,方千里者九,齐集有其一。以一服八,何以异于邹敌楚哉?盍亦反其本矣?今王发政施仁,使天下仕者皆欲立于王之朝,耕者皆欲耕于王之野,商贾皆欲藏于王之市,行旅皆欲出于王之涂,天下之欲疾其君者皆欲赴愬于王。其若是,孰能御之?”   王曰:“吾惛,不能进于是矣。愿夫子辅吾志,明以教我。我虽不敏,请尝试之。”   曰:“无恒产而有恒心者,惟士为能。若民,则无恒产,因无恒心。苟无恒心,放辟邪侈,无不为已。及陷于罪,然后从而刑之,是罔民也。焉有仁人在位,罔民而可为也?是故明君制民之产,必使仰足以事父母,俯足以畜妻子,乐岁终身饱,凶年免于死亡;然后驱而之善,故民之从之也轻。今也制民之产,仰不足以事父母,俯不足以畜妻子,乐岁终身苦,凶年不免于死亡。此惟救死而恐不赡,奚暇治礼义哉?王欲行之,则盍反其本矣;五亩之宅,树之以桑,五十者可以衣帛矣;鸡、豚、狗、彘之畜,无失其时,七十者可以食肉矣;百亩之田,勿夺其时,八口之家可以无饥矣;谨庠序之教,申之以孝悌之义,颁白者不负戴于道路矣。老者衣帛食肉,黎民不饥不寒,然而不王者,未之有也。”

  qi xuan wang wen yue :“qi huan 、jin wen zhi shi ke de wen hu ?”   meng zi dui yue :“zhong ni zhi tu wu dao huan wen zhi shi zhe ,shi yi hou shi wu chuan yan ,chen wei zhi wen ye 。wu yi ,ze wang hu ?”   yue :“de he ru ze ke yi wang yi ?”   yue :“bao min er wang ,mo zhi neng yu ye 。”   yue :“ruo gua ren zhe ,ke yi bao min hu zai ?”   yue :“ke 。”   yue :“he you zhi wu ke ye ?”   yue :“chen wen zhi hu zuo yue :wang zuo yu tang shang ,you qian niu er guo tang xia zhe ,wang jian zhi ,yue :‘niu he zhi ?’dui yue :‘jiang yi xin zhong 。’wang yue :‘she zhi !wu bu ren qi zuo zuo ,ruo wu zui er jiu si di 。’dui yue :‘ran ze fei xin zhong yu ?’yue :‘he ke fei ye ,yi yang yi zhi 。’bu shi you zhu ?”   yue :“you zhi 。”   yue :“shi xin zu yi wang yi 。bai xing jie yi wang wei ai ye ,chen gu zhi wang zhi bu ren ye 。”   wang yue :“ran ,cheng you bai xing zhe 。qi guo sui zuo xiao ,wu he ai yi niu ?ji bu ren qi zuo zuo ,ruo wu zui er jiu si di ,gu yi yang yi zhi ye 。”   yue :“wang wu yi yu bai xing zhi yi wang wei ai ye 。yi xiao yi da ,bi e zhi zhi ?wang ruo yin qi wu zui er jiu si di ,ze niu yang he ze yan ?”   wang xiao yue :“shi cheng he xin zai ?wo fei ai qi cai er yi zhi yi yang ye ,yi hu bai xing zhi wei wo ai ye 。”   yue :“wu shang ye ,shi nai ren shu ye ,jian niu wei jian yang ye 。jun zi zhi yu qin shou ye ,jian qi sheng ,bu ren jian qi si ;wen qi sheng ,bu ren shi qi rou 。shi yi jun zi yuan zuo chu ye 。”   wang shuo ,yue :“《shi 》yun :‘ta ren you xin ,yu zuo du zhi 。’fu zi zhi wei ye 。fu wo nai xing zhi ,fan er qiu zhi ,bu de wu xin ;fu zi yan zhi ,yu wo xin you qi qi yan 。ci xin zhi suo yi he yu wang zhe ,he ye ?”   yue :“you fu yu wang zhe yue :‘wu li zu yi ju bai jun ,er bu zu yi ju yi yu ;ming zu yi cha qiu hao zhi mo ,er bu jian yu xin 。’ze wang xu zhi hu ?”   yue :“fou !”   “jin en zu yi ji qin shou ,er gong bu zhi yu bai xing zhe ,du he yu ?ran ze yi yu zhi bu ju ,wei bu yong li yan ;yu xin zhi bu jian ,wei bu yong ming yan ;bai xing zhi bu jian bao ,wei bu yong en yan 。gu wang zhi bu wang ,bu wei ye ,fei bu neng ye 。”   yue :“bu wei zhe yu bu neng zhe zhi xing ,he yi yi ?”   yue :“xie tai shan yi chao bei hai ,yu ren yue :‘wo bu neng 。’shi cheng bu neng ye 。wei chang zhe zhe zhi ,yu ren yue :‘wo bu neng 。’shi bu wei ye ,fei bu neng ye 。gu wang zhi bu wang ,fei xie tai shan yi chao bei hai zhi lei ye ;wang zhi bu wang ,shi zhe zhi zhi lei ye 。lao wu lao ,yi ji ren zhi lao ;you wu you ,yi ji ren zhi you :tian xia ke yun yu zhang 。《shi 》yun :‘xing yu gua qi ,zhi yu xiong di ,yi yu yu jia bang 。’yan ju si xin jia zhu bi er yi 。gu tui en zu yi bao si hai ,bu tui en wu yi bao qi zi 。gu zhi ren suo yi da guo ren zhe ,wu ta yan ,shan tui qi suo wei er yi yi 。jin en zu yi ji qin shou ,er gong bu zhi yu bai xing zhe ,du he yu ?quan ,ran hou zhi qing zhong ;du ,ran hou zhi chang duan 。wu jie ran ,xin wei shen 。wang qing du zhi !   “yi wang xing jia bing ,wei shi chen ,gou yuan yu zhu hou ,ran hou kuai yu xin yu ?”   wang yue :“fou ,wu he kuai yu shi ?jiang yi qiu wu suo da yu ye 。”   yue :“wang zhi suo da yu ,ke de wen yu ?”   wang xiao er bu yan 。   yue :“wei fei gan bu zu yu kou yu ?qing nuan bu zu yu ti yu ?yi wei cai se bu zu shi yu mu yu ?sheng yin bu zu ting yu er yu ?bian zuo bu zu shi ling yu qian yu ?wang zhi zhu chen jie zu yi gong zhi ,er wang qi wei shi zai ?”   yue :“fou ,wu bu wei shi ye 。”   yue :“ran ze wang zhi suo da yu ke zhi yi :yu bi tu di ,chao qin chu ,zuo zhong guo er fu si yi ye 。yi ruo suo wei ,qiu ruo suo yu ,you yuan mu er qiu yu ye 。”   wang yue :“ruo shi qi shen yu ?”   yue :“dai you shen yan 。yuan mu qiu yu ,sui bu de yu ,wu hou zai ;yi ruo suo wei ,qiu ruo suo yu ,jin xin li er wei zhi ,hou bi you zai 。”   yue :“ke de wen yu ?”   yue :“zou ren yu chu ren zhan ,ze wang yi wei shu sheng ?”   yue :“chu ren sheng 。”   yue :“ran ze xiao gu bu ke yi di da ,gua gu bu ke yi di zhong ,ruo gu bu ke yi di qiang 。hai nei zhi di ,fang qian li zhe jiu ,qi ji you qi yi 。yi yi fu ba ,he yi yi yu zou di chu zai ?zuo yi fan qi ben yi ?jin wang fa zheng shi ren ,shi tian xia shi zhe jie yu li yu wang zhi chao ,geng zhe jie yu geng yu wang zhi ye ,shang jia jie yu cang yu wang zhi shi ,xing lv jie yu chu yu wang zhi tu ,tian xia zhi yu ji qi jun zhe jie yu fu yu wang 。qi ruo shi ,shu neng yu zhi ?”   wang yue :“wu ,bu neng jin yu shi yi 。yuan fu zi fu wu zhi ,ming yi jiao wo 。wo sui bu min ,qing chang shi zhi 。”   yue :“wu heng chan er you heng xin zhe ,wei shi wei neng 。ruo min ,ze wu heng chan ,yin wu heng xin 。gou wu heng xin ,fang bi xie chi ,wu bu wei yi 。ji xian yu zui ,ran hou cong er xing zhi ,shi zuo min ye 。yan you ren ren zai wei ,zuo min er ke wei ye ?shi gu ming jun zhi min zhi chan ,bi shi yang zu yi shi fu mu ,fu zu yi xu qi zi ,le sui zhong shen bao ,xiong nian mian yu si wang ;ran hou qu er zhi shan ,gu min zhi cong zhi ye qing 。jin ye zhi min zhi chan ,yang bu zu yi shi fu mu ,fu bu zu yi xu qi zi ,le sui zhong shen ku ,xiong nian bu mian yu si wang 。ci wei jiu si er kong bu shan ,zuo xia zhi li yi zai ?wang yu xing zhi ,ze zuo fan qi ben yi ;wu mu zhi zhai ,shu zhi yi sang ,wu shi zhe ke yi yi bo yi ;ji 、zuo 、gou 、zuo zhi xu ,wu shi qi shi ,qi shi zhe ke yi shi rou yi ;bai mu zhi tian ,wu duo qi shi ,ba kou zhi jia ke yi wu ji yi ;jin zuo xu zhi jiao ,shen zhi yi xiao zuo zhi yi ,ban bai zhe bu fu dai yu dao lu yi 。lao zhe yi bo shi rou ,li min bu ji bu han ,ran er bu wang zhe ,wei zhi you ye 。”
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庖丁解牛


  庖丁为文惠君解牛,手之所触,肩之所倚,足之所履,膝之所踦,砉然向然,奏刀騞然,莫不中音。合于《桑林》之舞,乃中《经首》之会。   文惠君曰:“嘻,善哉!技盖至此乎?”   庖丁释刀对曰:“臣之所好者,道也,进乎技矣。始臣之解牛之时,所见无非牛者。三年之后,未尝见全牛也。方今之时,臣以神遇而不以目视,官知止而神欲行。依乎天理,批大郤,导大窾,因其固然,技经肯綮之未尝,而况大軱乎!良庖岁更刀,割也;族庖月更刀,折也。今臣之刀十九年矣,所解数千牛矣,而刀刃若新发于硎。彼节者有间,而刀刃者无厚;以无厚入有间,恢恢乎其于游刃必有余地矣,是以十九年而刀刃若新发于硎。虽然,每至于族,吾见其难为,怵然为戒,视为止,行为迟。动刀甚微,謋然已解,如土委地。提刀而立,为之四顾,为之踌躇满志,善刀而藏之。”   文惠君曰:“善哉!吾闻庖丁之言,得养生焉。”

  zuo ding wei wen hui jun jie niu ,shou zhi suo chu ,jian zhi suo yi ,zu zhi suo lv ,xi zhi suo zuo ,zuo ran xiang ran ,zou dao zuo ran ,mo bu zhong yin 。he yu 《sang lin 》zhi wu ,nai zhong 《jing shou 》zhi hui 。   wen hui jun yue :“xi ,shan zai !ji gai zhi ci hu ?”   zuo ding shi dao dui yue :“chen zhi suo hao zhe ,dao ye ,jin hu ji yi 。shi chen zhi jie niu zhi shi ,suo jian wu fei niu zhe 。san nian zhi hou ,wei chang jian quan niu ye 。fang jin zhi shi ,chen yi shen yu er bu yi mu shi ,guan zhi zhi er shen yu xing 。yi hu tian li ,pi da zuo ,dao da fu ,yin qi gu ran ,ji jing ken zuo zhi wei chang ,er kuang da zuo hu !liang zuo sui geng dao ,ge ye ;zu zuo yue geng dao ,zhe ye 。jin chen zhi dao shi jiu nian yi ,suo jie shu qian niu yi ,er dao ren ruo xin fa yu zuo 。bi jie zhe you jian ,er dao ren zhe wu hou ;yi wu hou ru you jian ,hui hui hu qi yu you ren bi you yu di yi ,shi yi shi jiu nian er dao ren ruo xin fa yu zuo 。sui ran ,mei zhi yu zu ,wu jian qi nan wei ,zuo ran wei jie ,shi wei zhi ,xing wei chi 。dong dao shen wei ,zheng ran yi jie ,ru tu wei di 。ti dao er li ,wei zhi si gu ,wei zhi chou chu man zhi ,shan dao er cang zhi 。”   wen hui jun yue :“shan zai !wu wen zuo ding zhi yan ,de yang sheng yan 。”
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  晋侯、秦伯围郑,以其无礼于晋,且贰于楚也。晋军函陵,秦军氾南。   佚之狐言于郑伯曰:“国危矣,若使烛之武见秦君,师必退。”公从之。辞曰:“臣之壮也,犹不如人;今老矣,无能为也已。”公曰:“吾不能早用子,今急而求子,是寡人之过也。然郑亡,子亦有不利焉!”许之。   夜缒而出,见秦伯,曰:“秦、晋围郑,郑既知亡矣。若亡郑而有益于君,敢以烦执事。越国以鄙远,君知其难也,焉用亡郑以陪邻?邻之厚,君之薄也。若舍郑以为东道主,行李之往来,共其乏困,君亦无所害。且君尝为晋君赐矣,许君焦、瑕,朝济而夕设版焉,君之所知也。夫晋,何厌之有?既东封郑,又欲肆其西封,若不阙秦,将焉取之?阙秦以利晋,唯君图之。”秦伯说,与郑人盟。使杞子、逢孙、杨孙戍之,乃还。   子犯请击之。公曰:“不可。微夫人之力不及此。因人之力而敝之,不仁;失其所与,不知;以乱易整,不武。吾其还也。”亦去之。   (选自《左传》)

  jin hou 、qin bo wei zheng ,yi qi wu li yu jin ,qie er yu chu ye 。jin jun han ling ,qin jun nan 。   zuo zhi hu yan yu zheng bo yue :“guo wei yi ,ruo shi zhu zhi wu jian qin jun ,shi bi tui 。”gong cong zhi 。ci yue :“chen zhi zhuang ye ,you bu ru ren ;jin lao yi ,wu neng wei ye yi 。”gong yue :“wu bu neng zao yong zi ,jin ji er qiu zi ,shi gua ren zhi guo ye 。ran zheng wang ,zi yi you bu li yan !”xu zhi 。   ye zuo er chu ,jian qin bo ,yue :“qin 、jin wei zheng ,zheng ji zhi wang yi 。ruo wang zheng er you yi yu jun ,gan yi fan zhi shi 。yue guo yi bi yuan ,jun zhi qi nan ye ,yan yong wang zheng yi pei lin ?lin zhi hou ,jun zhi bao ye 。ruo she zheng yi wei dong dao zhu ,xing li zhi wang lai ,gong qi fa kun ,jun yi wu suo hai 。qie jun chang wei jin jun ci yi ,xu jun jiao 、zuo ,chao ji er xi she ban yan ,jun zhi suo zhi ye 。fu jin ,he yan zhi you ?ji dong feng zheng ,you yu si qi xi feng ,ruo bu zuo qin ,jiang yan qu zhi ?zuo qin yi li jin ,wei jun tu zhi 。”qin bo shuo ,yu zheng ren meng 。shi zuo zi 、feng sun 、yang sun shu zhi ,nai huan 。   zi fan qing ji zhi 。gong yue :“bu ke 。wei fu ren zhi li bu ji ci 。yin ren zhi li er bi zhi ,bu ren ;shi qi suo yu ,bu zhi ;yi luan yi zheng ,bu wu 。wu qi huan ye 。”yi qu zhi 。   (xuan zi 《zuo chuan 》)
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鸿门宴


  沛公军霸上,未得与项羽相见。沛公左司马曹无伤使人言于项羽曰:“沛公欲王关中,使子婴为相,珍宝尽有之。”项羽大怒曰:“旦日飨士卒,为击破沛公军!”当是时,项羽兵四十万,在新丰鸿门;沛公兵十万,在霸上。范增说项羽曰:“沛公居山东时,贪于财货,好美姬。今入关,财物无所取,妇女无所幸,此其志不在小。吾令人望其气,皆为龙虎,成五采,此天子气也。急击勿失!”   楚左尹项伯者,项羽季父也,素善留侯张良。张良是时从沛公,项伯乃夜驰之沛公军,私见张良,具告以事,欲呼张良与俱去,曰:“毋从俱死也。”张良曰:“臣为韩王送沛公,沛公今事有急,亡去不义,不可不语。”良乃入,具告沛公。沛公大惊,曰:“为之奈何?”张良曰:“谁为大王为此计者?”曰:“鲰生说我曰:‘距关,毋内诸侯,秦地可尽王也。’故听之。”良曰:“料大王士卒足以当项王乎?”沛公默然,曰:“固不如也。且为之奈何?”张良曰:“请往谓项伯,言沛公不敢背项王也。”沛公曰:“君安与项伯有故?”张良曰:“秦时与臣游,项伯杀人,臣活之。今事有急,故幸来告良。”沛公曰:“孰与君少长?”良曰:“长于臣。”沛公曰:“君为我呼入,吾得兄事之。”张良出,要项伯。项伯即入见沛公。沛公奉卮酒为寿,约为婚姻,曰:“吾入关,秋毫不敢有所近,籍吏民,封府库,而待将军。所以遣将守关者,备他盗之出入与非常也。日夜望将军至,岂敢反乎!愿伯具言臣之不敢倍德也。”项伯许诺,谓沛公曰:“旦日不可不蚤自来谢项王。”沛公曰:“诺。”于是项伯复夜去,至军中,具以沛公言报项王,因言曰:“沛公不先破关中,公岂敢入乎?今人有大功而击之,不义也。不如因善遇之。”项王许诺。   沛公旦日从百余骑来见项王,至鸿门,谢曰:“臣与将军戮力而攻秦,将军战河北,臣战河南,然不自意能先入关破秦,得复见将军于此。今者有小人之言,令将军与臣有郤。”项王曰:“此沛公左司马曹无伤言之。不然,籍何以至此?”项王即日因留沛公与饮。项王、项伯东向坐,亚父南向坐,——亚父者,范增也;沛公北向坐;张良西向侍。范增数目项王,举所佩玉玦以示之者三,项王默然不应。范增起,出,召项庄,谓曰:“君王为人不忍。若入前为寿,寿毕,请以剑舞,因击沛公于坐,杀之。不者,若属皆且为所虏。”庄则入为寿。寿毕,曰:“君王与沛公饮,军中无以为乐,请以剑舞。”项王曰:“诺。”项庄拔剑起舞,项伯亦拔剑起舞,常以身翼蔽沛公,庄不得击。   于是张良至军门见樊哙。樊哙曰:“今日之事何如?”良曰:“甚急!今者项庄拔剑舞,其意常在沛公也。”哙曰:“此迫矣!臣请入,与之同命。”哙即带剑拥盾入军门。交戟之卫士欲止不内,樊哙侧其盾以撞,卫士仆地,哙遂入,披帷西向立,瞋目视项王,头发上指,目眦尽裂。项王按剑而跽曰:“客何为者?”张良曰:“沛公之参乘樊哙者也。”项王曰:“壮士!赐之卮酒。”则与斗卮酒。哙拜谢,起,立而饮之。项王曰:“赐之彘肩。”则与一生彘肩。樊哙覆其盾于地,加彘肩上,拔剑切而啖之。项王曰:“壮士!能复饮乎?”樊哙曰:“臣死且不避,卮酒安足辞!夫秦王有虎狼之心,杀人如不能举,刑人如恐不胜,天下皆叛之。怀王与诸将约曰:‘先破秦入咸阳者王之。’今沛公先破秦入咸阳,毫毛不敢有所近,封闭宫室,还军霸上,以待大王来。故遣将守关者,备他盗出入与非常也。劳苦而功高如此,未有封侯之赏,而听细说,欲诛有功之人,此亡秦之续耳。窃为大王不取也!”项王未有以应,曰:“坐。”樊哙从良坐。坐须臾,沛公起如厕,因招樊哙出。   沛公已出,项王使都尉陈平召沛公。沛公曰:“今者出,未辞也,为之奈何?”樊哙曰:“大行不顾细谨,大礼不辞小让。如今人方为刀俎,我为鱼肉,何辞为?”于是遂去。乃令张良留谢。良问曰:“大王来何操?”曰:“我持白璧一双,欲献项王,玉斗一双,欲与亚父。会其怒,不敢献。公为我献之。”张良曰:“谨诺。”当是时,项王军在鸿门下,沛公军在霸上,相去四十里。沛公则置车骑,脱身独骑,与樊哙、夏侯婴、靳强、纪信等四人持剑盾步走,从郦山下,道芷阳间行。沛公谓张良曰:“从此道至吾军,不过二十里耳。度我至军中,公乃入。”   沛公已去,间至军中。张良入谢,曰:“沛公不胜杯杓,不能辞。谨使臣良奉白璧一双,再拜献大王足下,玉斗一双,再拜奉大将军足下。”项王曰:“沛公安在?”良曰:“闻大王有意督过之,脱身独去,已至军矣。”项王则受璧,置之坐上。亚父受玉斗,置之地,拔剑撞而破之,曰:“唉!竖子不足与谋。夺项王天下者必沛公也。吾属今为之虏矣!”   沛公至军,立诛杀曹无伤。

  pei gong jun ba shang ,wei de yu xiang yu xiang jian 。pei gong zuo si ma cao wu shang shi ren yan yu xiang yu yue :“pei gong yu wang guan zhong ,shi zi ying wei xiang ,zhen bao jin you zhi 。”xiang yu da nu yue :“dan ri zuo shi zu ,wei ji po pei gong jun !”dang shi shi ,xiang yu bing si shi wan ,zai xin feng hong men ;pei gong bing shi wan ,zai ba shang 。fan zeng shuo xiang yu yue :“pei gong ju shan dong shi ,tan yu cai huo ,hao mei ji 。jin ru guan ,cai wu wu suo qu ,fu nv wu suo xing ,ci qi zhi bu zai xiao 。wu ling ren wang qi qi ,jie wei long hu ,cheng wu cai ,ci tian zi qi ye 。ji ji wu shi !”   chu zuo yin xiang bo zhe ,xiang yu ji fu ye ,su shan liu hou zhang liang 。zhang liang shi shi cong pei gong ,xiang bo nai ye chi zhi pei gong jun ,si jian zhang liang ,ju gao yi shi ,yu hu zhang liang yu ju qu ,yue :“wu cong ju si ye 。”zhang liang yue :“chen wei han wang song pei gong ,pei gong jin shi you ji ,wang qu bu yi ,bu ke bu yu 。”liang nai ru ,ju gao pei gong 。pei gong da jing ,yue :“wei zhi nai he ?”zhang liang yue :“shui wei da wang wei ci ji zhe ?”yue :“zuo sheng shuo wo yue :‘ju guan ,wu nei zhu hou ,qin di ke jin wang ye 。’gu ting zhi 。”liang yue :“liao da wang shi zu zu yi dang xiang wang hu ?”pei gong mo ran ,yue :“gu bu ru ye 。qie wei zhi nai he ?”zhang liang yue :“qing wang wei xiang bo ,yan pei gong bu gan bei xiang wang ye 。”pei gong yue :“jun an yu xiang bo you gu ?”zhang liang yue :“qin shi yu chen you ,xiang bo sha ren ,chen huo zhi 。jin shi you ji ,gu xing lai gao liang 。”pei gong yue :“shu yu jun shao chang ?”liang yue :“chang yu chen 。”pei gong yue :“jun wei wo hu ru ,wu de xiong shi zhi 。”zhang liang chu ,yao xiang bo 。xiang bo ji ru jian pei gong 。pei gong feng zuo jiu wei shou ,yue wei hun yin ,yue :“wu ru guan ,qiu hao bu gan you suo jin ,ji li min ,feng fu ku ,er dai jiang jun 。suo yi qian jiang shou guan zhe ,bei ta dao zhi chu ru yu fei chang ye 。ri ye wang jiang jun zhi ,qi gan fan hu !yuan bo ju yan chen zhi bu gan bei de ye 。”xiang bo xu nuo ,wei pei gong yue :“dan ri bu ke bu zao zi lai xie xiang wang 。”pei gong yue :“nuo 。”yu shi xiang bo fu ye qu ,zhi jun zhong ,ju yi pei gong yan bao xiang wang ,yin yan yue :“pei gong bu xian po guan zhong ,gong qi gan ru hu ?jin ren you da gong er ji zhi ,bu yi ye 。bu ru yin shan yu zhi 。”xiang wang xu nuo 。   pei gong dan ri cong bai yu qi lai jian xiang wang ,zhi hong men ,xie yue :“chen yu jiang jun lu li er gong qin ,jiang jun zhan he bei ,chen zhan he nan ,ran bu zi yi neng xian ru guan po qin ,de fu jian jiang jun yu ci 。jin zhe you xiao ren zhi yan ,ling jiang jun yu chen you zuo 。”xiang wang yue :“ci pei gong zuo si ma cao wu shang yan zhi 。bu ran ,ji he yi zhi ci ?”xiang wang ji ri yin liu pei gong yu yin 。xiang wang 、xiang bo dong xiang zuo ,ya fu nan xiang zuo ,——ya fu zhe ,fan zeng ye ;pei gong bei xiang zuo ;zhang liang xi xiang shi 。fan zeng shu mu xiang wang ,ju suo pei yu yi shi zhi zhe san ,xiang wang mo ran bu ying 。fan zeng qi ,chu ,zhao xiang zhuang ,wei yue :“jun wang wei ren bu ren 。ruo ru qian wei shou ,shou bi ,qing yi jian wu ,yin ji pei gong yu zuo ,sha zhi 。bu zhe ,ruo shu jie qie wei suo lu 。”zhuang ze ru wei shou 。shou bi ,yue :“jun wang yu pei gong yin ,jun zhong wu yi wei le ,qing yi jian wu 。”xiang wang yue :“nuo 。”xiang zhuang ba jian qi wu ,xiang bo yi ba jian qi wu ,chang yi shen yi bi pei gong ,zhuang bu de ji 。   yu shi zhang liang zhi jun men jian fan zuo 。fan zuo yue :“jin ri zhi shi he ru ?”liang yue :“shen ji !jin zhe xiang zhuang ba jian wu ,qi yi chang zai pei gong ye 。”zuo yue :“ci po yi !chen qing ru ,yu zhi tong ming 。”zuo ji dai jian yong dun ru jun men 。jiao zuo zhi wei shi yu zhi bu nei ,fan zuo ce qi dun yi zhuang ,wei shi pu di ,zuo sui ru ,pi zuo xi xiang li ,bing mu shi xiang wang ,tou fa shang zhi ,mu zuo jin lie 。xiang wang an jian er zuo yue :“ke he wei zhe ?”zhang liang yue :“pei gong zhi can cheng fan zuo zhe ye 。”xiang wang yue :“zhuang shi !ci zhi zuo jiu 。”ze yu dou zuo jiu 。zuo bai xie ,qi ,li er yin zhi 。xiang wang yue :“ci zhi zuo jian 。”ze yu yi sheng zuo jian 。fan zuo fu qi dun yu di ,jia zuo jian shang ,ba jian qie er zuo zhi 。xiang wang yue :“zhuang shi !neng fu yin hu ?”fan zuo yue :“chen si qie bu bi ,zuo jiu an zu ci !fu qin wang you hu lang zhi xin ,sha ren ru bu neng ju ,xing ren ru kong bu sheng ,tian xia jie pan zhi 。huai wang yu zhu jiang yue yue :‘xian po qin ru xian yang zhe wang zhi 。’jin pei gong xian po qin ru xian yang ,hao mao bu gan you suo jin ,feng bi gong shi ,huan jun ba shang ,yi dai da wang lai 。gu qian jiang shou guan zhe ,bei ta dao chu ru yu fei chang ye 。lao ku er gong gao ru ci ,wei you feng hou zhi shang ,er ting xi shuo ,yu zhu you gong zhi ren ,ci wang qin zhi xu er 。qie wei da wang bu qu ye !”xiang wang wei you yi ying ,yue :“zuo 。”fan zuo cong liang zuo 。zuo xu zuo ,pei gong qi ru ce ,yin zhao fan zuo chu 。   pei gong yi chu ,xiang wang shi du wei chen ping zhao pei gong 。pei gong yue :“jin zhe chu ,wei ci ye ,wei zhi nai he ?”fan zuo yue :“da xing bu gu xi jin ,da li bu ci xiao rang 。ru jin ren fang wei dao zuo ,wo wei yu rou ,he ci wei ?”yu shi sui qu 。nai ling zhang liang liu xie 。liang wen yue :“da wang lai he cao ?”yue :“wo chi bai zuo yi shuang ,yu xian xiang wang ,yu dou yi shuang ,yu yu ya fu 。hui qi nu ,bu gan xian 。gong wei wo xian zhi 。”zhang liang yue :“jin nuo 。”dang shi shi ,xiang wang jun zai hong men xia ,pei gong jun zai ba shang ,xiang qu si shi li 。pei gong ze zhi che qi ,tuo shen du qi ,yu fan zuo 、xia hou ying 、jin qiang 、ji xin deng si ren chi jian dun bu zou ,cong zuo shan xia ,dao zuo yang jian xing 。pei gong wei zhang liang yue :“cong ci dao zhi wu jun ,bu guo er shi li er 。du wo zhi jun zhong ,gong nai ru 。”   pei gong yi qu ,jian zhi jun zhong 。zhang liang ru xie ,yue :“pei gong bu sheng bei zuo ,bu neng ci 。jin shi chen liang feng bai zuo yi shuang ,zai bai xian da wang zu xia ,yu dou yi shuang ,zai bai feng da jiang jun zu xia 。”xiang wang yue :“pei gong an zai ?”liang yue :“wen da wang you yi du guo zhi ,tuo shen du qu ,yi zhi jun yi 。”xiang wang ze shou zuo ,zhi zhi zuo shang 。ya fu shou yu dou ,zhi zhi di ,ba jian zhuang er po zhi ,yue :“ai !shu zi bu zu yu mou 。duo xiang wang tian xia zhe bi pei gong ye 。wu shu jin wei zhi lu yi !”   pei gong zhi jun ,li zhu sha cao wu shang 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

窦娥冤


(外扮监斩官上,云)下官监斩官是也。今日处决犯人,着做公的把住巷口,休放往来人闲走。(净扮公人鼓三通、锣三下科。刽子磨旗、提刀,押正旦带枷上)(刽子云)行动些,行动些,监斩官去法场上多时了!(正旦唱) 【正宫】【端正好】没来由犯王法,不堤防遭刑宪,叫声屈动地惊天!顷刻间游魂先赴森罗殿,怎不将天地也生埋怨? 【滚绣球】有日月朝暮悬,有鬼神掌著生死权,天地也,只合把清浊分辨,可怎生糊突了盗跖、颜渊?为善的受贫穷更命短,造恶的享富贵又寿延。天地也,做得个怕硬欺软,却原来也这般顺水推船。地也,你不分好歹何为地?天也,你错勘贤愚枉做天!哎,只落得两泪涟涟。 (刽子云)快行动些,误了时辰也。(正旦唱) 【倘秀才】则被这枷扭的我左侧右偏,人拥的我前合后偃,我窦娥向哥哥行有句言。(刽子云)你有甚么话说?(正旦唱)前街里去心怀恨,后街里去死无冤,休推辞路远。 (刽子云)你如今到法场上面,有甚么亲眷要见的,可教他过来,见你一面也好。(正旦唱) 【叨叨令】可怜我孤身只影无亲眷,则落的吞声忍气空嗟怨。(刽子云)难道你爷娘家也没的?(正旦云)止有个爹爹,十三年前上朝取应去了,至今杳无音信。(唱)早已是十年多不睹爹爹面。(刽子云)你适才要我往后街里去,是甚么主意?(正旦唱)怕则怕前街里被我婆婆见。(刽子云)你的性命也顾不得,怕他见怎的?(正旦云)俺婆婆若见我披枷带锁赴法场餐刀去呵,(唱)枉将他气杀也么哥,枉将他气杀也么哥!告哥哥,临危好与人行方便。(卜儿哭上科,云)天那,兀的不是我媳妇儿!(刽子云)婆子靠后!(正旦云)既是俺婆婆来了,叫他来,待我嘱付他几句话咱。(刽子云)那婆子,近前来,你媳妇要嘱付你话哩。(卜儿云)孩儿,痛杀我也!(正旦云)婆婆,那张驴儿把毒药放在羊肚儿汤里,实指望药死了你,要霸占我为妻。不想婆婆让与他老子吃,倒把他老子药死了。我怕连累婆婆,屈招了药死公公,今日赴法场典刑。婆婆,此后遇着冬时年节,月一十五,有瀽不了的浆水饭,瀽半碗儿与我吃;烧不了的纸钱,与窦娥烧一陌儿。则是看你死的孩儿面上!(唱) 【快活三】念窦娥葫芦提当罪愆,念窦娥身首不完全,念窦娥从前已往干家缘。婆婆也,你只看窦娥少爷无娘面。 【鲍老儿】念窦娥伏侍婆婆这几年,遇时节将碗凉浆奠;你去那受刑法尸骸上烈些纸钱,只当把你亡化的孩儿荐。(卜儿哭科,云)孩儿放心,这个老身都记得。天那,兀的不痛杀我也!(正旦唱)婆婆也,再也不要啼啼哭哭,烦烦恼恼,怨气冲天。这都是我做窦娥的没时没运,不明不暗,负屈衔冤。(刽子做喝科,云)兀那婆子靠后,时辰到了也。(正旦跪科)(刽子开枷科)(正旦云)窦娥告监斩大人,有一事肯依窦娥,便死而无怨。(监斩官云)你有甚么事?你说。(正旦云)要一领净席,等我窦娥站立;又要丈二白练,挂在旗枪上:若是我窦娥委实冤枉,刀过处头落,一腔热血休半点儿沾在地下,都飞在白练上者。(监斩官云)这个就依你,打甚么不紧。(刽子做取席站科,又取白练挂旗上科)(正旦唱) 【耍孩儿】不是我窦娥罚下这等无头愿,委实的冤情不浅;若没些儿灵圣与世人传,也不见得湛湛青天。我不要半星热血红尘洒,都只在八尺旗枪素练悬。等他四下里皆瞧见,这就是咱苌弘化碧,望帝啼鹃。 (刽子云)你还有甚的说话?此时不对监斩大人说,几时说那?(正旦再跪科,云)大人,如今是三伏天道,若窦娥委实冤枉,身死之后,天降三尺瑞雪,遮掩了窦娥尸首。(监斩官云)这等三伏天道,你便有冲天的怨气,也召不得一片雪来,可不胡说!(正旦唱) 【二煞】你道是暑气暄,不是那下雪天;岂不闻飞霜六月因邹衍?若果有一腔怨气喷如火,定要感的六出冰花滚似绵,免着我尸骸现;要什么素车白马,断送出古陌荒阡! (正里再跪科,云)大人,我窦娥死的委实冤枉,从今以后,着这楚州亢旱三年!(监斩官云)打嘴!那有这等说话!(正旦唱) 【一煞】你道是天公不可期,人心不可怜,不知皇天也肯从人愿。做甚么三年不见甘霖降?也只为东海曾经孝妇冤,如今轮到你山阳县。这都是官吏每无心正法,使百姓有口难言! (刽子做磨旗科,云)怎么这一会儿天色阴了也?(内做风科,刽子云)好冷风也!(正旦唱) 【煞尾】浮云为我阴,悲风为我旋,三桩儿誓愿明题遍。(做哭科,云)婆婆也,直等待雪飞六月,亢旱三年呵,(唱)那其间才把你个屈死的冤魂这窦娥显! (刽子做开刀,正旦倒科)(监斩官惊云)呀,真个下雪了,有这等异事!(刽子云)我也道平日杀人,满地都是鲜血,这个窦娥的血都飞在那丈二白练上,并无半点落地,委实奇怪。(监斩官云)这死罪必有冤枉。早两桩儿应验了,不知亢旱三年的说话,准也不准?且看后来如何。左右,也不必等待雪睛,便与我抬他尸首,还了那蔡婆婆去罢。(众应科,抬尸下)

(wai ban jian zhan guan shang ,yun )xia guan jian zhan guan shi ye 。jin ri chu jue fan ren ,zhuo zuo gong de ba zhu xiang kou ,xiu fang wang lai ren xian zou 。(jing ban gong ren gu san tong 、luo san xia ke 。gui zi mo qi 、ti dao ,ya zheng dan dai jia shang )(gui zi yun )xing dong xie ,xing dong xie ,jian zhan guan qu fa chang shang duo shi liao !(zheng dan chang ) 【zheng gong 】【duan zheng hao 】mei lai you fan wang fa ,bu di fang zao xing xian ,jiao sheng qu dong di jing tian !qing ke jian you hun xian fu sen luo dian ,zen bu jiang tian di ye sheng mai yuan ? 【gun xiu qiu 】you ri yue chao mu xuan ,you gui shen zhang zhu sheng si quan ,tian di ye ,zhi he ba qing zhuo fen bian ,ke zen sheng hu tu liao dao zuo 、yan yuan ?wei shan de shou pin qiong geng ming duan ,zao e de xiang fu gui you shou yan 。tian di ye ,zuo de ge pa ying qi ruan ,que yuan lai ye zhe ban shun shui tui chuan 。di ye ,ni bu fen hao dai he wei di ?tian ye ,ni cuo kan xian yu wang zuo tian !ai ,zhi luo de liang lei lian lian 。 (gui zi yun )kuai xing dong xie ,wu liao shi chen ye 。(zheng dan chang ) 【tang xiu cai 】ze bei zhe jia niu de wo zuo ce you pian ,ren yong de wo qian he hou zuo ,wo zuo e xiang ge ge xing you ju yan 。(gui zi yun )ni you shen me hua shuo ?(zheng dan chang )qian jie li qu xin huai hen ,hou jie li qu si wu yuan ,xiu tui ci lu yuan 。 (gui zi yun )ni ru jin dao fa chang shang mian ,you shen me qin juan yao jian de ,ke jiao ta guo lai ,jian ni yi mian ye hao 。(zheng dan chang ) 【zuo zuo ling 】ke lian wo gu shen zhi ying wu qin juan ,ze luo de tun sheng ren qi kong zuo yuan 。(gui zi yun )nan dao ni ye niang jia ye mei de ?(zheng dan yun )zhi you ge die die ,shi san nian qian shang chao qu ying qu liao ,zhi jin zuo wu yin xin 。(chang )zao yi shi shi nian duo bu du die die mian 。(gui zi yun )ni shi cai yao wo wang hou jie li qu ,shi shen me zhu yi ?(zheng dan chang )pa ze pa qian jie li bei wo po po jian 。(gui zi yun )ni de xing ming ye gu bu de ,pa ta jian zen de ?(zheng dan yun )an po po ruo jian wo pi jia dai suo fu fa chang can dao qu he ,(chang )wang jiang ta qi sha ye me ge ,wang jiang ta qi sha ye me ge !gao ge ge ,lin wei hao yu ren xing fang bian 。(bo er ku shang ke ,yun )tian na ,zuo de bu shi wo xi fu er !(gui zi yun )po zi kao hou !(zheng dan yun )ji shi an po po lai liao ,jiao ta lai ,dai wo zhu fu ta ji ju hua zan 。(gui zi yun )na po zi ,jin qian lai ,ni xi fu yao zhu fu ni hua li 。(bo er yun )hai er ,tong sha wo ye !(zheng dan yun )po po ,na zhang lv er ba du yao fang zai yang du er tang li ,shi zhi wang yao si liao ni ,yao ba zhan wo wei qi 。bu xiang po po rang yu ta lao zi chi ,dao ba ta lao zi yao si liao 。wo pa lian lei po po ,qu zhao liao yao si gong gong ,jin ri fu fa chang dian xing 。po po ,ci hou yu zhuo dong shi nian jie ,yue yi shi wu ,you bu liao de jiang shui fan , ban wan er yu wo chi ;shao bu liao de zhi qian ,yu zuo e shao yi mo er 。ze shi kan ni si de hai er mian shang !(chang ) 【kuai huo san 】nian zuo e hu lu ti dang zui zuo ,nian zuo e shen shou bu wan quan ,nian zuo e cong qian yi wang gan jia yuan 。po po ye ,ni zhi kan zuo e shao ye wu niang mian 。 【bao lao er 】nian zuo e fu shi po po zhe ji nian ,yu shi jie jiang wan liang jiang dian ;ni qu na shou xing fa shi hai shang lie xie zhi qian ,zhi dang ba ni wang hua de hai er jian 。(bo er ku ke ,yun )hai er fang xin ,zhe ge lao shen du ji de 。tian na ,zuo de bu tong sha wo ye !(zheng dan chang )po po ye ,zai ye bu yao ti ti ku ku ,fan fan nao nao ,yuan qi chong tian 。zhe du shi wo zuo zuo e de mei shi mei yun ,bu ming bu an ,fu qu xian yuan 。(gui zi zuo he ke ,yun )zuo na po zi kao hou ,shi chen dao liao ye 。(zheng dan gui ke )(gui zi kai jia ke )(zheng dan yun )zuo e gao jian zhan da ren ,you yi shi ken yi zuo e ,bian si er wu yuan 。(jian zhan guan yun )ni you shen me shi ?ni shuo 。(zheng dan yun )yao yi ling jing xi ,deng wo zuo e zhan li ;you yao zhang er bai lian ,gua zai qi qiang shang :ruo shi wo zuo e wei shi yuan wang ,dao guo chu tou luo ,yi qiang re xue xiu ban dian er zhan zai di xia ,du fei zai bai lian shang zhe 。(jian zhan guan yun )zhe ge jiu yi ni ,da shen me bu jin 。(gui zi zuo qu xi zhan ke ,you qu bai lian gua qi shang ke )(zheng dan chang ) 【shua hai er 】bu shi wo zuo e fa xia zhe deng wu tou yuan ,wei shi de yuan qing bu qian ;ruo mei xie er ling sheng yu shi ren chuan ,ye bu jian de zhan zhan qing tian 。wo bu yao ban xing re xue hong chen sa ,du zhi zai ba chi qi qiang su lian xuan 。deng ta si xia li jie qiao jian ,zhe jiu shi zan zuo hong hua bi ,wang di ti juan 。 (gui zi yun )ni huan you shen de shuo hua ?ci shi bu dui jian zhan da ren shuo ,ji shi shuo na ?(zheng dan zai gui ke ,yun )da ren ,ru jin shi san fu tian dao ,ruo zuo e wei shi yuan wang ,shen si zhi hou ,tian jiang san chi rui xue ,zhe yan liao zuo e shi shou 。(jian zhan guan yun )zhe deng san fu tian dao ,ni bian you chong tian de yuan qi ,ye zhao bu de yi pian xue lai ,ke bu hu shuo !(zheng dan chang ) 【er sha 】ni dao shi shu qi zuo ,bu shi na xia xue tian ;qi bu wen fei shuang liu yue yin zou yan ?ruo guo you yi qiang yuan qi pen ru huo ,ding yao gan de liu chu bing hua gun si mian ,mian zhuo wo shi hai xian ;yao shi me su che bai ma ,duan song chu gu mo huang zuo ! (zheng li zai gui ke ,yun )da ren ,wo zuo e si de wei shi yuan wang ,cong jin yi hou ,zhuo zhe chu zhou kang han san nian !(jian zhan guan yun )da zui !na you zhe deng shuo hua !(zheng dan chang ) 【yi sha 】ni dao shi tian gong bu ke qi ,ren xin bu ke lian ,bu zhi huang tian ye ken cong ren yuan 。zuo shen me san nian bu jian gan lin jiang ?ye zhi wei dong hai zeng jing xiao fu yuan ,ru jin lun dao ni shan yang xian 。zhe du shi guan li mei wu xin zheng fa ,shi bai xing you kou nan yan ! (gui zi zuo mo qi ke ,yun )zen me zhe yi hui er tian se yin liao ye ?(nei zuo feng ke ,gui zi yun )hao leng feng ye !(zheng dan chang ) 【sha wei 】fu yun wei wo yin ,bei feng wei wo xuan ,san zhuang er shi yuan ming ti bian 。(zuo ku ke ,yun )po po ye ,zhi deng dai xue fei liu yue ,kang han san nian he ,(chang )na qi jian cai ba ni ge qu si de yuan hun zhe zuo e xian ! (gui zi zuo kai dao ,zheng dan dao ke )(jian zhan guan jing yun )ya ,zhen ge xia xue liao ,you zhe deng yi shi !(gui zi yun )wo ye dao ping ri sha ren ,man di du shi xian xue ,zhe ge zuo e de xue du fei zai na zhang er bai lian shang ,bing wu ban dian luo di ,wei shi qi guai 。(jian zhan guan yun )zhe si zui bi you yuan wang 。zao liang zhuang er ying yan liao ,bu zhi kang han san nian de shuo hua ,zhun ye bu zhun ?qie kan hou lai ru he 。zuo you ,ye bu bi deng dai xue jing ,bian yu wo tai ta shi shou ,huan liao na cai po po qu ba 。(zhong ying ke ,tai shi xia )
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

谏逐客书


  臣闻吏议逐客,窃以为过矣。昔缪公求士,西取由余于戎,东得百里奚于宛,迎蹇叔于宋,来丕豹、公孙支于晋。此五子者,不产于秦,而缪公用之,并国二十,遂霸西戎。孝公用商鞅之法,移风易俗,民以殷盛,国以富强,百姓乐用,诸侯亲服,获楚、魏之师,举地千里,至今治强。惠王用张仪之计,拔三川之地,西并巴、蜀,北收上郡,南取汉中,包九夷,制鄢、郢,东据成皋之险,割膏腴之壤,遂散六国之从,使之西面事秦,功施到今。昭王得范雎,废穰侯,逐华阳,强公室,杜私门,蚕食诸侯,使秦成帝业。此四君者,皆以客之功。由此观之,客何负于秦哉!向使四君却客而不内,疏士而不用,是使国无富利之实而秦无强大之名也。   今陛下致昆山之玉,有随、和之宝,垂明月之珠,服太阿之剑,乘纤离之马,建翠凤之旗,树灵鼍之鼓。此数宝者,秦不生一焉,而陛下说之,何也?必秦国之所生然后可,则是夜光之璧不饰朝廷,犀象之器不为玩好,郑、卫之女不充后宫,而骏良駃騠不实外厩,江南金锡不为用,西蜀丹青不为采。所以饰后宫,充下陈,娱心意,说耳目者,必出于秦然后可,则是宛珠之簪、傅玑之珥、阿缟之衣、锦绣之饰不进于前,而随俗雅化佳冶窈窕赵女不立于侧也。夫击瓮叩缶,弹筝搏髀,而歌呼呜呜快耳目者,真秦之声也;《郑》《卫》《桑间》《昭》《虞》《武》《象》者,异国之乐也。今弃击瓮叩缶而就《郑》《卫》,退弹筝而取《昭》《虞》,若是者何也?快意当前,适观而已矣。今取人则不然,不问可否,不论曲直,非秦者去,为客者逐。然则是所重者在乎色、乐、珠玉,而所轻者在乎人民也。此非所以跨海内、制诸侯之术也。   臣闻地广者粟多,国大者人众,兵强则士勇。是以太山不让土壤,故能成其大;河海不择细流,故能就其深;王者不却众庶,故能明其德。是以地无四方,民无异国,四时充美,鬼神降福,此五帝三王之所以无敌也。今乃弃黔首以资敌国,却宾客以业诸侯,使天下之士退而不敢西向,裹足不入秦,此所谓“藉寇兵而赍盗粮”者也。   夫物不产于秦,可宝者多;士不产于秦,而愿忠者众。今逐客以资敌国,损民以益仇,内自虚而外树怨于诸侯,求国无危,不可得也。

  chen wen li yi zhu ke ,qie yi wei guo yi 。xi zuo gong qiu shi ,xi qu you yu yu rong ,dong de bai li zuo yu wan ,ying zuo shu yu song ,lai zuo bao 、gong sun zhi yu jin 。ci wu zi zhe ,bu chan yu qin ,er zuo gong yong zhi ,bing guo er shi ,sui ba xi rong 。xiao gong yong shang zuo zhi fa ,yi feng yi su ,min yi yin sheng ,guo yi fu qiang ,bai xing le yong ,zhu hou qin fu ,huo chu 、wei zhi shi ,ju di qian li ,zhi jin zhi qiang 。hui wang yong zhang yi zhi ji ,ba san chuan zhi di ,xi bing ba 、shu ,bei shou shang jun ,nan qu han zhong ,bao jiu yi ,zhi zuo 、zuo ,dong ju cheng gao zhi xian ,ge gao zuo zhi rang ,sui san liu guo zhi cong ,shi zhi xi mian shi qin ,gong shi dao jin 。zhao wang de fan zuo ,fei zuo hou ,zhu hua yang ,qiang gong shi ,du si men ,can shi zhu hou ,shi qin cheng di ye 。ci si jun zhe ,jie yi ke zhi gong 。you ci guan zhi ,ke he fu yu qin zai !xiang shi si jun que ke er bu nei ,shu shi er bu yong ,shi shi guo wu fu li zhi shi er qin wu qiang da zhi ming ye 。   jin bi xia zhi kun shan zhi yu ,you sui 、he zhi bao ,chui ming yue zhi zhu ,fu tai a zhi jian ,cheng xian li zhi ma ,jian cui feng zhi qi ,shu ling zuo zhi gu 。ci shu bao zhe ,qin bu sheng yi yan ,er bi xia shuo zhi ,he ye ?bi qin guo zhi suo sheng ran hou ke ,ze shi ye guang zhi zuo bu shi chao ting ,xi xiang zhi qi bu wei wan hao ,zheng 、wei zhi nv bu chong hou gong ,er jun liang zuo zuo bu shi wai jiu ,jiang nan jin xi bu wei yong ,xi shu dan qing bu wei cai 。suo yi shi hou gong ,chong xia chen ,yu xin yi ,shuo er mu zhe ,bi chu yu qin ran hou ke ,ze shi wan zhu zhi zuo 、fu zuo zhi zuo 、a zuo zhi yi 、jin xiu zhi shi bu jin yu qian ,er sui su ya hua jia ye zuo zuo zhao nv bu li yu ce ye 。fu ji weng zuo zuo ,dan zuo bo zuo ,er ge hu wu wu kuai er mu zhe ,zhen qin zhi sheng ye ;《zheng 》《wei 》《sang jian 》《zhao 》《yu 》《wu 》《xiang 》zhe ,yi guo zhi le ye 。jin qi ji weng zuo zuo er jiu 《zheng 》《wei 》,tui dan zuo er qu 《zhao 》《yu 》,ruo shi zhe he ye ?kuai yi dang qian ,shi guan er yi yi 。jin qu ren ze bu ran ,bu wen ke fou ,bu lun qu zhi ,fei qin zhe qu ,wei ke zhe zhu 。ran ze shi suo zhong zhe zai hu se 、le 、zhu yu ,er suo qing zhe zai hu ren min ye 。ci fei suo yi kua hai nei 、zhi zhu hou zhi shu ye 。   chen wen di guang zhe su duo ,guo da zhe ren zhong ,bing qiang ze shi yong 。shi yi tai shan bu rang tu rang ,gu neng cheng qi da ;he hai bu ze xi liu ,gu neng jiu qi shen ;wang zhe bu que zhong shu ,gu neng ming qi de 。shi yi di wu si fang ,min wu yi guo ,si shi chong mei ,gui shen jiang fu ,ci wu di san wang zhi suo yi wu di ye 。jin nai qi qian shou yi zi di guo ,que bin ke yi ye zhu hou ,shi tian xia zhi shi tui er bu gan xi xiang ,guo zu bu ru qin ,ci suo wei “jie kou bing er zuo dao liang ”zhe ye 。   fu wu bu chan yu qin ,ke bao zhe duo ;shi bu chan yu qin ,er yuan zhong zhe zhong 。jin zhu ke yi zi di guo ,sun min yi yi chou ,nei zi xu er wai shu yuan yu zhu hou ,qiu guo wu wei ,bu ke de ye 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

与妻书


  意映卿卿如晤,吾今以此书与汝永别矣!吾作此书时,尚是世中一人;汝看此书时,吾已成为阴间一鬼。吾作此书,泪珠和笔墨齐下,不能竟书而欲搁笔,又恐汝不察吾衷,谓吾忍舍汝而死,谓吾不知汝之不欲吾死也,故遂忍悲为汝言之。   吾至爱汝,即此爱汝一念,使吾勇于就死也。吾自遇汝以来,常愿天下有情人都成眷属;然遍地腥云,满街狼犬,称心快意,几家能彀?司马青衫,吾不能学太上之忘情也。语云:仁者 “老吾老,以及人之老;幼吾幼,以及人之幼”。吾充吾爱汝之心,助天下人爱其所爱,所以敢先汝而死,不顾汝也。汝体吾此心,于啼泣之余,亦以天下人为念,当亦乐牺牲吾身与 汝身之福利,为天下人谋永福也。汝其勿悲!   汝忆否?四五年前某夕,吾尝语曰:“与使吾先死也,无宁汝先我而死。”汝初闻言而怒,后经吾婉解,虽不谓吾言为是,而亦无词相答。吾之意盖谓以汝之弱,必不能禁失吾之悲,吾先死,留苦与汝,吾心不忍,故宁请汝先死,吾担悲也。嗟夫!谁知吾卒先汝而死乎?   吾真真不能忘汝也!回忆后街之屋,入门穿廊,过前后厅,又三四折,有小厅,厅旁一室,为吾与汝双栖之所。初婚三四个月,适冬之望日前后,窗外疏梅筛月影,依稀掩映;吾与并肩携手,低低切切,何事不语?何情不诉?及今思之,空余泪痕。又回忆六七年前,吾之逃家复归也,汝泣告我:“望今后有远行,必以告妾,妾愿随君行。”吾亦既许汝矣。前十余日回家,即欲乘便以此行之事语汝,及与汝相对,又不能启口,且以汝之有身也,更恐不胜悲,故惟日日呼酒买醉。嗟夫!当时余心之悲,盖不能以寸管形容之。   吾诚愿与汝相守以死,第以今日事势观之,天灾可以死,盗贼可以死,瓜分之日可以死,奸官污吏虐民可以死,吾辈处今日之中国,国中无地无时不可以死。到那时使吾眼睁睁看汝死,或使汝眼睁睁看吾死,吾能之乎?抑汝能之乎?即可不死,而离散不相见,徒使两地眼成穿而骨化石,试问古来几曾见破镜能重圆?则较死为苦也,将奈之何?今日吾与汝幸双健。天下人不当死而死与不愿离而离者,不可数计,钟情如我辈者,能忍之乎?此吾所以敢率性就死不顾汝也。吾今死无余憾,国事成不成自有同志者在。依新已五岁,转眼成人,汝其善抚之,使之肖我。汝腹中之物,吾疑其女也,女必像汝,吾心甚慰。或又是男,则亦教其以父志为志,则吾死后尚有二意洞在也。幸甚,幸甚!吾家后日当甚贫,贫无所苦,清静过日而已。   吾今与汝无言矣。吾居九泉之下遥闻汝哭声,当哭相和也。吾平日不信有鬼,今则又望其真有。今是人又言心电感应有道,吾亦望其言是实,则吾之死,吾灵尚依依旁汝也,汝不必以无侣悲。   吾平生未尝以吾所志语汝,是吾不是处;然语之,又恐汝日日为吾担忧。吾牺牲百死而不辞,而使汝担忧,的的非吾所忍。吾爱汝至,所以为汝谋者惟恐未尽。汝幸而偶我,又何不幸而生今日中国!吾幸而得汝,又何不幸而生今日之中国!卒不忍独善其身。嗟夫!巾短情长,所未尽者,尚有万千,汝可以模拟得之。吾今不能见汝矣!汝不能舍吾,其时时于梦中得我乎?一恸。辛未三月廿六夜四鼓,意洞手书。   家中诸母皆通文,有不解处,望请其指教,当尽吾意为幸。

  yi ying qing qing ru wu ,wu jin yi ci shu yu ru yong bie yi !wu zuo ci shu shi ,shang shi shi zhong yi ren ;ru kan ci shu shi ,wu yi cheng wei yin jian yi gui 。wu zuo ci shu ,lei zhu he bi mo qi xia ,bu neng jing shu er yu ge bi ,you kong ru bu cha wu zhong ,wei wu ren she ru er si ,wei wu bu zhi ru zhi bu yu wu si ye ,gu sui ren bei wei ru yan zhi 。   wu zhi ai ru ,ji ci ai ru yi nian ,shi wu yong yu jiu si ye 。wu zi yu ru yi lai ,chang yuan tian xia you qing ren du cheng juan shu ;ran bian di xing yun ,man jie lang quan ,cheng xin kuai yi ,ji jia neng zuo ?si ma qing shan ,wu bu neng xue tai shang zhi wang qing ye 。yu yun :ren zhe “lao wu lao ,yi ji ren zhi lao ;you wu you ,yi ji ren zhi you ”。wu chong wu ai ru zhi xin ,zhu tian xia ren ai qi suo ai ,suo yi gan xian ru er si ,bu gu ru ye 。ru ti wu ci xin ,yu ti qi zhi yu ,yi yi tian xia ren wei nian ,dang yi le xi sheng wu shen yu ru shen zhi fu li ,wei tian xia ren mou yong fu ye 。ru qi wu bei !   ru yi fou ?si wu nian qian mou xi ,wu chang yu yue :“yu shi wu xian si ye ,wu ning ru xian wo er si 。”ru chu wen yan er nu ,hou jing wu wan jie ,sui bu wei wu yan wei shi ,er yi wu ci xiang da 。wu zhi yi gai wei yi ru zhi ruo ,bi bu neng jin shi wu zhi bei ,wu xian si ,liu ku yu ru ,wu xin bu ren ,gu ning qing ru xian si ,wu dan bei ye 。zuo fu !shui zhi wu zu xian ru er si hu ?   wu zhen zhen bu neng wang ru ye !hui yi hou jie zhi wu ,ru men chuan lang ,guo qian hou ting ,you san si zhe ,you xiao ting ,ting pang yi shi ,wei wu yu ru shuang qi zhi suo 。chu hun san si ge yue ,shi dong zhi wang ri qian hou ,chuang wai shu mei shai yue ying ,yi xi yan ying ;wu yu bing jian xie shou ,di di qie qie ,he shi bu yu ?he qing bu su ?ji jin si zhi ,kong yu lei hen 。you hui yi liu qi nian qian ,wu zhi tao jia fu gui ye ,ru qi gao wo :“wang jin hou you yuan xing ,bi yi gao zuo ,zuo yuan sui jun xing 。”wu yi ji xu ru yi 。qian shi yu ri hui jia ,ji yu cheng bian yi ci xing zhi shi yu ru ,ji yu ru xiang dui ,you bu neng qi kou ,qie yi ru zhi you shen ye ,geng kong bu sheng bei ,gu wei ri ri hu jiu mai zui 。zuo fu !dang shi yu xin zhi bei ,gai bu neng yi cun guan xing rong zhi 。   wu cheng yuan yu ru xiang shou yi si ,di yi jin ri shi shi guan zhi ,tian zai ke yi si ,dao zei ke yi si ,gua fen zhi ri ke yi si ,jian guan wu li nue min ke yi si ,wu bei chu jin ri zhi zhong guo ,guo zhong wu di wu shi bu ke yi si 。dao na shi shi wu yan zheng zheng kan ru si ,huo shi ru yan zheng zheng kan wu si ,wu neng zhi hu ?yi ru neng zhi hu ?ji ke bu si ,er li san bu xiang jian ,tu shi liang di yan cheng chuan er gu hua shi ,shi wen gu lai ji zeng jian po jing neng zhong yuan ?ze jiao si wei ku ye ,jiang nai zhi he ?jin ri wu yu ru xing shuang jian 。tian xia ren bu dang si er si yu bu yuan li er li zhe ,bu ke shu ji ,zhong qing ru wo bei zhe ,neng ren zhi hu ?ci wu suo yi gan lv xing jiu si bu gu ru ye 。wu jin si wu yu han ,guo shi cheng bu cheng zi you tong zhi zhe zai 。yi xin yi wu sui ,zhuan yan cheng ren ,ru qi shan fu zhi ,shi zhi xiao wo 。ru fu zhong zhi wu ,wu yi qi nv ye ,nv bi xiang ru ,wu xin shen wei 。huo you shi nan ,ze yi jiao qi yi fu zhi wei zhi ,ze wu si hou shang you er yi dong zai ye 。xing shen ,xing shen !wu jia hou ri dang shen pin ,pin wu suo ku ,qing jing guo ri er yi 。   wu jin yu ru wu yan yi 。wu ju jiu quan zhi xia yao wen ru ku sheng ,dang ku xiang he ye 。wu ping ri bu xin you gui ,jin ze you wang qi zhen you 。jin shi ren you yan xin dian gan ying you dao ,wu yi wang qi yan shi shi ,ze wu zhi si ,wu ling shang yi yi pang ru ye ,ru bu bi yi wu lv bei 。   wu ping sheng wei chang yi wu suo zhi yu ru ,shi wu bu shi chu ;ran yu zhi ,you kong ru ri ri wei wu dan you 。wu xi sheng bai si er bu ci ,er shi ru dan you ,de de fei wu suo ren 。wu ai ru zhi ,suo yi wei ru mou zhe wei kong wei jin 。ru xing er ou wo ,you he bu xing er sheng jin ri zhong guo !wu xing er de ru ,you he bu xing er sheng jin ri zhi zhong guo !zu bu ren du shan qi shen 。zuo fu !jin duan qing chang ,suo wei jin zhe ,shang you wan qian ,ru ke yi mo ni de zhi 。wu jin bu neng jian ru yi !ru bu neng she wu ,qi shi shi yu meng zhong de wo hu ?yi zuo 。xin wei san yue zuo liu ye si gu ,yi dong shou shu 。   jia zhong zhu mu jie tong wen ,you bu jie chu ,wang qing qi zhi jiao ,dang jin wu yi wei xing 。
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促织


促织甚微细,哀音何动人。草根吟不稳,床下夜相亲。 久客得无泪,放妻难及晨。悲丝与急管,感激异天真。

cu zhi shen wei xi ,ai yin he dong ren 。cao gen yin bu wen ,chuang xia ye xiang qin 。 jiu ke de wu lei ,fang qi nan ji chen 。bei si yu ji guan ,gan ji yi tian zhen 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  臣闻求木之长者,必固其根本;欲流之远者,必浚其泉源;思国之安者,必积其德义。源不深而望流之远,根不固而求木之长,德不厚而思国之理,臣虽下愚,知其不可,而况于明哲乎!人君当神器之重,居域中之大,将崇极天之峻,永保无疆之休。不念居安思危,戒奢以俭,德不处其厚,情不胜其欲,斯亦伐根以求木茂,塞源而欲流长者也。(思国之理 一作:思国之治)   凡百元首,承天景命,莫不殷忧而道著,功成而德衰。有善始者实繁,能克终者盖寡。岂取之易而守之难乎?昔取之而有余,今守之而不足,何也?夫在殷忧,必竭诚以待下;既得志,则纵情以傲物。竭诚则吴越为一体,傲物则骨肉为行路。虽董之以严刑,振之以威怒,终苟免而不怀仁,貌恭而不心服。怨不在大,可畏惟人;载舟覆舟,所宜深慎;奔车朽索,其可忽乎!   君人者,诚能见可欲则思知足以自戒,将有作则思知止以安人,念高危则思谦冲而自牧,惧满溢则思江海下百川,乐盘游则思三驱以为度,忧懈怠则思慎始而敬终,虑壅蔽则思虚心以纳下,想谗邪则思正身以黜恶,恩所加则思无因喜以谬赏,罚所及则思无因怒而滥刑。总此十思,弘兹九德,简能而任之,择善而从之,则智者尽其谋,勇者竭其力,仁者播其惠,信者效其忠。文武争驰,在君无事,可以尽豫游之乐,可以养松、乔之寿,鸣琴垂拱,不言而化。何必劳神苦思,代下司职,役聪明之耳目,亏无为之大道哉!(想谗邪 一作:惧谗邪;弘兹 一作:宏兹;在君 一作:君臣)

  chen wen qiu mu zhi chang zhe ,bi gu qi gen ben ;yu liu zhi yuan zhe ,bi jun qi quan yuan ;si guo zhi an zhe ,bi ji qi de yi 。yuan bu shen er wang liu zhi yuan ,gen bu gu er qiu mu zhi chang ,de bu hou er si guo zhi li ,chen sui xia yu ,zhi qi bu ke ,er kuang yu ming zhe hu !ren jun dang shen qi zhi zhong ,ju yu zhong zhi da ,jiang chong ji tian zhi jun ,yong bao wu jiang zhi xiu 。bu nian ju an si wei ,jie she yi jian ,de bu chu qi hou ,qing bu sheng qi yu ,si yi fa gen yi qiu mu mao ,sai yuan er yu liu chang zhe ye 。(si guo zhi li yi zuo :si guo zhi zhi )   fan bai yuan shou ,cheng tian jing ming ,mo bu yin you er dao zhu ,gong cheng er de shuai 。you shan shi zhe shi fan ,neng ke zhong zhe gai gua 。qi qu zhi yi er shou zhi nan hu ?xi qu zhi er you yu ,jin shou zhi er bu zu ,he ye ?fu zai yin you ,bi jie cheng yi dai xia ;ji de zhi ,ze zong qing yi ao wu 。jie cheng ze wu yue wei yi ti ,ao wu ze gu rou wei xing lu 。sui dong zhi yi yan xing ,zhen zhi yi wei nu ,zhong gou mian er bu huai ren ,mao gong er bu xin fu 。yuan bu zai da ,ke wei wei ren ;zai zhou fu zhou ,suo yi shen shen ;ben che xiu suo ,qi ke hu hu !   jun ren zhe ,cheng neng jian ke yu ze si zhi zu yi zi jie ,jiang you zuo ze si zhi zhi yi an ren ,nian gao wei ze si qian chong er zi mu ,ju man yi ze si jiang hai xia bai chuan ,le pan you ze si san qu yi wei du ,you xie dai ze si shen shi er jing zhong ,lv zuo bi ze si xu xin yi na xia ,xiang chan xie ze si zheng shen yi zuo e ,en suo jia ze si wu yin xi yi miu shang ,fa suo ji ze si wu yin nu er lan xing 。zong ci shi si ,hong zi jiu de ,jian neng er ren zhi ,ze shan er cong zhi ,ze zhi zhe jin qi mou ,yong zhe jie qi li ,ren zhe bo qi hui ,xin zhe xiao qi zhong 。wen wu zheng chi ,zai jun wu shi ,ke yi jin yu you zhi le ,ke yi yang song 、qiao zhi shou ,ming qin chui gong ,bu yan er hua 。he bi lao shen ku si ,dai xia si zhi ,yi cong ming zhi er mu ,kui wu wei zhi da dao zai !(xiang chan xie yi zuo :ju chan xie ;hong zi yi zuo :hong zi ;zai jun yi zuo :jun chen )
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  某启:昨日蒙教,窃以为与君实游处相好之日久,而议事每不合,所操之术多异故也。虽欲强聒,终必不蒙见察,故略上报,不复一一自辨。重念蒙君实视遇厚,于反覆不宜卤莽,故今具道所以,冀君实或见恕也。   盖儒者所争,尤在于名实,名实已明,而天下之理得矣。今君实所以见教者,以为侵官、生事、征利、拒谏,以致天下怨谤也。某则以谓受命于人主,议法度而修之于朝廷,以授之于有司,不为侵官;举先王之政,以兴利除弊,不为生事;为天下理财,不为征利;辟邪说,难壬人,不为拒谏。至于怨诽之多,则固前知其如此也。   人习于苟且非一日,士大夫多以不恤国事、同俗自媚于众为善,上乃欲变此,而某不量敌之众寡,欲出力助上以抗之,则众何为而不汹汹然?盘庚之迁,胥怨者民也,非特朝廷士大夫而已;盘庚不为怨者故改其度,度义而后动,是而不见可悔故也。如君实责我以在位久,未能助上大有为,以膏泽斯民,则某知罪矣;如曰今日当一切不事事,守前所为而已,则非某之所敢知。   无由会晤,不任区区向往之至!

  mou qi :zuo ri meng jiao ,qie yi wei yu jun shi you chu xiang hao zhi ri jiu ,er yi shi mei bu he ,suo cao zhi shu duo yi gu ye 。sui yu qiang zuo ,zhong bi bu meng jian cha ,gu lue shang bao ,bu fu yi yi zi bian 。zhong nian meng jun shi shi yu hou ,yu fan fu bu yi lu mang ,gu jin ju dao suo yi ,ji jun shi huo jian shu ye 。   gai ru zhe suo zheng ,you zai yu ming shi ,ming shi yi ming ,er tian xia zhi li de yi 。jin jun shi suo yi jian jiao zhe ,yi wei qin guan 、sheng shi 、zheng li 、ju zuo ,yi zhi tian xia yuan bang ye 。mou ze yi wei shou ming yu ren zhu ,yi fa du er xiu zhi yu chao ting ,yi shou zhi yu you si ,bu wei qin guan ;ju xian wang zhi zheng ,yi xing li chu bi ,bu wei sheng shi ;wei tian xia li cai ,bu wei zheng li ;bi xie shuo ,nan ren ren ,bu wei ju zuo 。zhi yu yuan fei zhi duo ,ze gu qian zhi qi ru ci ye 。   ren xi yu gou qie fei yi ri ,shi da fu duo yi bu xu guo shi 、tong su zi mei yu zhong wei shan ,shang nai yu bian ci ,er mou bu liang di zhi zhong gua ,yu chu li zhu shang yi kang zhi ,ze zhong he wei er bu xiong xiong ran ?pan geng zhi qian ,zuo yuan zhe min ye ,fei te chao ting shi da fu er yi ;pan geng bu wei yuan zhe gu gai qi du ,du yi er hou dong ,shi er bu jian ke hui gu ye 。ru jun shi ze wo yi zai wei jiu ,wei neng zhu shang da you wei ,yi gao ze si min ,ze mou zhi zui yi ;ru yue jin ri dang yi qie bu shi shi ,shou qian suo wei er yi ,ze fei mou zhi suo gan zhi 。   wu you hui wu ,bu ren qu qu xiang wang zhi zhi !
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。