五人墓碑记


  五人者,盖当蓼洲周公之被逮,激于义而死焉者也。至于今,郡之贤士大夫请于当道,即除逆阉废祠之址以葬之;且立石于其墓之门,以旌其所为。呜呼,亦盛矣哉!   夫五人之死,去今之墓而葬焉,其为时止十有一月耳。夫十有一月之中,凡富贵之子,慷慨得志之徒,其疾病而死,死而湮没不足道者,亦已众矣;况草野之无闻者欤?独五人之皦皦,何也?   予犹记周公之被逮,在丙寅三月之望。吾社之行为士先者,为之声义,敛赀财以送其行,哭声震动天地。缇骑按剑而前,问:“谁为哀者?”众不能堪,抶而仆之。是时以大中丞抚吴者为魏之私人毛一鹭,公之逮所由使也;吴之民方痛心焉,于是乘其厉声以呵,则噪而相逐。中丞匿于溷藩以免。既而以吴民之乱请于朝,按诛五人,曰颜佩韦、杨念如、马杰、沈扬、周文元,即今之傫然在墓者也。   然五人之当刑也,意气扬扬,呼中丞之名而詈之,谈笑以死。断头置城上,颜色不少变。有贤士大夫发五十金,买五人之脰而函之,卒与尸合。故今之墓中全乎为五人也。   嗟乎!大阉之乱,缙绅而能不易其志者,四海之大,有几人欤?而五人生于编伍之间,素不闻诗书之训,激昂大义,蹈死不顾,亦曷故哉?且矫诏纷出,钩党之捕遍于天下,卒以吾郡之发愤一击,不敢复有株治;大阉亦逡巡畏义,非常之谋难于猝发,待圣人之出而投缳道路,不可谓非五人之力也。   由是观之,则今之高爵显位,一旦抵罪,或脱身以逃,不能容于远近,而又有剪发杜门,佯狂不知所之者,其辱人贱行,视五人之死,轻重固何如哉?是以蓼洲周公忠义暴于朝廷,赠谥褒美,显荣于身后;而五人亦得以加其土封,列其姓名于大堤之上,凡四方之士无不有过而拜且泣者,斯固百世之遇也。不然,令五人者保其首领,以老于户牖之下,则尽其天年,人皆得以隶使之,安能屈豪杰之流,扼腕墓道,发其志士之悲哉?故余与同社诸君子,哀斯墓之徒有其石也,而为之记,亦以明死生之大,匹夫之有重于社稷也。   贤士大夫者,冏卿因之吴公,太史文起文公、孟长姚公也。

  wu ren zhe ,gai dang zuo zhou zhou gong zhi bei dai ,ji yu yi er si yan zhe ye 。zhi yu jin ,jun zhi xian shi da fu qing yu dang dao ,ji chu ni yan fei zuo zhi zhi yi zang zhi ;qie li shi yu qi mu zhi men ,yi zuo qi suo wei 。wu hu ,yi sheng yi zai !   fu wu ren zhi si ,qu jin zhi mu er zang yan ,qi wei shi zhi shi you yi yue er 。fu shi you yi yue zhi zhong ,fan fu gui zhi zi ,kang kai de zhi zhi tu ,qi ji bing er si ,si er zuo mei bu zu dao zhe ,yi yi zhong yi ;kuang cao ye zhi wu wen zhe zuo ?du wu ren zhi ,he ye ?   yu you ji zhou gong zhi bei dai ,zai bing yin san yue zhi wang 。wu she zhi xing wei shi xian zhe ,wei zhi sheng yi ,lian zuo cai yi song qi xing ,ku sheng zhen dong tian di 。zuo qi an jian er qian ,wen :“shui wei ai zhe ?”zhong bu neng kan , er pu zhi 。shi shi yi da zhong zuo fu wu zhe wei wei zhi si ren mao yi zuo ,gong zhi dai suo you shi ye ;wu zhi min fang tong xin yan ,yu shi cheng qi li sheng yi he ,ze zao er xiang zhu 。zhong zuo ni yu zuo fan yi mian 。ji er yi wu min zhi luan qing yu chao ,an zhu wu ren ,yue yan pei wei 、yang nian ru 、ma jie 、shen yang 、zhou wen yuan ,ji jin zhi ran zai mu zhe ye 。   ran wu ren zhi dang xing ye ,yi qi yang yang ,hu zhong zuo zhi ming er zuo zhi ,tan xiao yi si 。duan tou zhi cheng shang ,yan se bu shao bian 。you xian shi da fu fa wu shi jin ,mai wu ren zhi man er han zhi ,zu yu shi he 。gu jin zhi mu zhong quan hu wei wu ren ye 。   zuo hu !da yan zhi luan ,zuo shen er neng bu yi qi zhi zhe ,si hai zhi da ,you ji ren zuo ?er wu ren sheng yu bian wu zhi jian ,su bu wen shi shu zhi xun ,ji ang da yi ,dao si bu gu ,yi zuo gu zai ?qie jiao zuo fen chu ,gou dang zhi bo bian yu tian xia ,zu yi wu jun zhi fa fen yi ji ,bu gan fu you zhu zhi ;da yan yi zuo xun wei yi ,fei chang zhi mou nan yu zuo fa ,dai sheng ren zhi chu er tou zuo dao lu ,bu ke wei fei wu ren zhi li ye 。   you shi guan zhi ,ze jin zhi gao jue xian wei ,yi dan di zui ,huo tuo shen yi tao ,bu neng rong yu yuan jin ,er you you jian fa du men ,yang kuang bu zhi suo zhi zhe ,qi ru ren jian xing ,shi wu ren zhi si ,qing zhong gu he ru zai ?shi yi zuo zhou zhou gong zhong yi bao yu chao ting ,zeng zuo bao mei ,xian rong yu shen hou ;er wu ren yi de yi jia qi tu feng ,lie qi xing ming yu da di zhi shang ,fan si fang zhi shi wu bu you guo er bai qie qi zhe ,si gu bai shi zhi yu ye 。bu ran ,ling wu ren zhe bao qi shou ling ,yi lao yu hu zuo zhi xia ,ze jin qi tian nian ,ren jie de yi li shi zhi ,an neng qu hao jie zhi liu ,e wan mu dao ,fa qi zhi shi zhi bei zai ?gu yu yu tong she zhu jun zi ,ai si mu zhi tu you qi shi ye ,er wei zhi ji ,yi yi ming si sheng zhi da ,pi fu zhi you zhong yu she zuo ye 。   xian shi da fu zhe , qing yin zhi wu gong ,tai shi wen qi wen gong 、meng chang yao gong ye 。
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