陋室铭


  山不在高,有仙则名。水不在深,有龙则灵。斯是陋室,惟吾德馨。苔痕上阶绿,草色入帘青。谈笑有鸿儒,往来无白丁。可以调素琴,阅金经。无丝竹之乱耳,无案牍之劳形。南阳诸葛庐,西蜀子云亭。孔子云:何陋之有?

  shan bu zai gao ,you xian ze ming 。shui bu zai shen ,you long ze ling 。si shi lou shi ,wei wu de zuo 。tai hen shang jie lv ,cao se ru lian qing 。tan xiao you hong ru ,wang lai wu bai ding 。ke yi diao su qin ,yue jin jing 。wu si zhu zhi luan er ,wu an zuo zhi lao xing 。nan yang zhu ge lu ,xi shu zi yun ting 。kong zi yun :he lou zhi you ?
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桃花源记


  晋太元中,武陵人捕鱼为业。缘溪行,忘路之远近。忽逢桃花林,夹岸数百步,中无杂树,芳草鲜美,落英缤纷。渔人甚异之,复前行,欲穷其林。   林尽水源,便得一山,山有小口,仿佛若有光。便舍船,从口入。初极狭,才通人。复行数十步,豁然开朗。土地平旷,屋舍俨然,有良田、美池、桑竹之属。阡陌交通,鸡犬相闻。其中往来种作,男女衣着,悉如外人。黄发垂髫,并怡然自乐。   见渔人,乃大惊,问所从来。具答之。便要还家,设酒杀鸡作食。村中闻有此人,咸来问讯。自云先世避秦时乱,率妻子邑人来此绝境,不复出焉,遂与外人间隔。问今是何世,乃不知有汉,无论魏晋。此人一一为具言所闻,皆叹惋。余人各复延至其家,皆出酒食。停数日,辞去。此中人语云:“不足为外人道也。”(间隔 一作:隔绝)   既出,得其船,便扶向路,处处志之。及郡下,诣太守,说如此。太守即遣人随其往,寻向所志,遂迷,不复得路。   南阳刘子骥,高尚士也,闻之,欣然规往。未果,寻病终。后遂无问津者。

  jin tai yuan zhong ,wu ling ren bo yu wei ye 。yuan xi xing ,wang lu zhi yuan jin 。hu feng tao hua lin ,jia an shu bai bu ,zhong wu za shu ,fang cao xian mei ,luo ying zuo fen 。yu ren shen yi zhi ,fu qian xing ,yu qiong qi lin 。   lin jin shui yuan ,bian de yi shan ,shan you xiao kou ,fang fo ruo you guang 。bian she chuan ,cong kou ru 。chu ji xia ,cai tong ren 。fu xing shu shi bu ,huo ran kai lang 。tu di ping kuang ,wu she zuo ran ,you liang tian 、mei chi 、sang zhu zhi shu 。zuo mo jiao tong ,ji quan xiang wen 。qi zhong wang lai zhong zuo ,nan nv yi zhuo ,xi ru wai ren 。huang fa chui zuo ,bing zuo ran zi le 。   jian yu ren ,nai da jing ,wen suo cong lai 。ju da zhi 。bian yao huan jia ,she jiu sha ji zuo shi 。cun zhong wen you ci ren ,xian lai wen xun 。zi yun xian shi bi qin shi luan ,lv qi zi yi ren lai ci jue jing ,bu fu chu yan ,sui yu wai ren jian ge 。wen jin shi he shi ,nai bu zhi you han ,wu lun wei jin 。ci ren yi yi wei ju yan suo wen ,jie tan wan 。yu ren ge fu yan zhi qi jia ,jie chu jiu shi 。ting shu ri ,ci qu 。ci zhong ren yu yun :“bu zu wei wai ren dao ye 。”(jian ge yi zuo :ge jue )   ji chu ,de qi chuan ,bian fu xiang lu ,chu chu zhi zhi 。ji jun xia ,yi tai shou ,shuo ru ci 。tai shou ji qian ren sui qi wang ,xun xiang suo zhi ,sui mi ,bu fu de lu 。   nan yang liu zi zuo ,gao shang shi ye ,wen zhi ,xin ran gui wang 。wei guo ,xun bing zhong 。hou sui wu wen jin zhe 。
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马说


  世有伯乐,然后有千里马。千里马常有,而伯乐不常有。故虽有名马,祗辱于奴隶人之手,骈死于槽枥之间,不以千里称也。(祗 同:衹)   马之千里者,一食或尽粟一石。食马者不知其能千里而食也。是马也,虽有千里之能,食不饱,力不足,才美不外见,且欲与常马等不可得,安求其能千里也?(食马者 通:饲马者)   策之不以其道,食之不能尽其材,鸣之而不能通其意,执策而临之,曰:“天下无马!”呜呼!其真无马邪?其真不知马也!

  shi you bo le ,ran hou you qian li ma 。qian li ma chang you ,er bo le bu chang you 。gu sui you ming ma ,zuo ru yu nu li ren zhi shou ,zuo si yu cao zuo zhi jian ,bu yi qian li cheng ye 。(zuo tong :xiao )   ma zhi qian li zhe ,yi shi huo jin su yi shi 。shi ma zhe bu zhi qi neng qian li er shi ye 。shi ma ye ,sui you qian li zhi neng ,shi bu bao ,li bu zu ,cai mei bu wai jian ,qie yu yu chang ma deng bu ke de ,an qiu qi neng qian li ye ?(shi ma zhe tong :si ma zhe )   ce zhi bu yi qi dao ,shi zhi bu neng jin qi cai ,ming zhi er bu neng tong qi yi ,zhi ce er lin zhi ,yue :“tian xia wu ma !”wu hu !qi zhen wu ma xie ?qi zhen bu zhi ma ye !
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岳阳楼记


  庆历四年春,滕子京谪守巴陵郡。越明年,政通人和,百废具兴,乃重修岳阳楼,增其旧制,刻唐贤今人诗赋于其上,属予作文以记之。(具 通:俱)   予观夫巴陵胜状,在洞庭一湖。衔远山,吞长江,浩浩汤汤,横无际涯,朝晖夕阴,气象万千,此则岳阳楼之大观也,前人之述备矣。然则北通巫峡,南极潇湘,迁客骚人,多会于此,览物之情,得无异乎?   若夫淫雨霏霏,连月不开,阴风怒号,浊浪排空,日星隐曜,山岳潜形,商旅不行,樯倾楫摧,薄暮冥冥,虎啸猿啼。登斯楼也,则有去国怀乡,忧谗畏讥,满目萧然,感极而悲者矣。(隐曜 一作:隐耀;淫雨 通:霪雨)   至若春和景明,波澜不惊,上下天光,一碧万顷,沙鸥翔集,锦鳞游泳,岸芷汀兰,郁郁青青。而或长烟一空,皓月千里,浮光跃金,静影沉璧,渔歌互答,此乐何极!登斯楼也,则有心旷神怡,宠辱偕忘,把酒临风,其喜洋洋者矣。   嗟夫!予尝求古仁人之心,或异二者之为,何哉?不以物喜,不以己悲,居庙堂之高则忧其民,处江湖之远则忧其君。是进亦忧,退亦忧。然则何时而乐耶?其必曰“先天下之忧而忧,后天下之乐而乐”乎!噫!微斯人,吾谁与归?时六年九月十五日。

  qing li si nian chun ,zuo zi jing zuo shou ba ling jun 。yue ming nian ,zheng tong ren he ,bai fei ju xing ,nai zhong xiu yue yang lou ,zeng qi jiu zhi ,ke tang xian jin ren shi fu yu qi shang ,shu yu zuo wen yi ji zhi 。(ju tong :ju )   yu guan fu ba ling sheng zhuang ,zai dong ting yi hu 。xian yuan shan ,tun chang jiang ,hao hao tang tang ,heng wu ji ya ,chao zuo xi yin ,qi xiang wan qian ,ci ze yue yang lou zhi da guan ye ,qian ren zhi shu bei yi 。ran ze bei tong wu xia ,nan ji zuo xiang ,qian ke sao ren ,duo hui yu ci ,lan wu zhi qing ,de wu yi hu ?   ruo fu yin yu zuo zuo ,lian yue bu kai ,yin feng nu hao ,zhuo lang pai kong ,ri xing yin zuo ,shan yue qian xing ,shang lv bu xing ,zuo qing zuo cui ,bao mu zuo zuo ,hu xiao yuan ti 。deng si lou ye ,ze you qu guo huai xiang ,you chan wei ji ,man mu xiao ran ,gan ji er bei zhe yi 。(yin zuo yi zuo :yin yao ;yin yu tong :zuo yu )   zhi ruo chun he jing ming ,bo lan bu jing ,shang xia tian guang ,yi bi wan qing ,sha ou xiang ji ,jin lin you yong ,an zuo ting lan ,yu yu qing qing 。er huo chang yan yi kong ,zuo yue qian li ,fu guang yue jin ,jing ying chen zuo ,yu ge hu da ,ci le he ji !deng si lou ye ,ze you xin kuang shen zuo ,chong ru zuo wang ,ba jiu lin feng ,qi xi yang yang zhe yi 。   zuo fu !yu chang qiu gu ren ren zhi xin ,huo yi er zhe zhi wei ,he zai ?bu yi wu xi ,bu yi ji bei ,ju miao tang zhi gao ze you qi min ,chu jiang hu zhi yuan ze you qi jun 。shi jin yi you ,tui yi you 。ran ze he shi er le ye ?qi bi yue “xian tian xia zhi you er you ,hou tian xia zhi le er le ”hu !zuo !wei si ren ,wu shui yu gui ?shi liu nian jiu yue shi wu ri 。
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醉翁亭记


  环滁皆山也。其西南诸峰,林壑尤美,望之蔚然而深秀者,琅琊也。山行六七里,渐闻水声潺潺,而泻出于两峰之间者,酿泉也。峰回路转,有亭翼然临于泉上者,醉翁亭也。作亭者谁?山之僧智仙也。名之者谁?太守自谓也。太守与客来饮于此,饮少辄醉,而年又最高,故自号曰醉翁也。醉翁之意不在酒,在乎山水之间也。山水之乐,得之心而寓之酒也。   若夫日出而林霏开,云归而岩穴暝,晦明变化者,山间之朝暮也。野芳发而幽香,佳木秀而繁阴,风霜高洁,水落而石出者,山间之四时也。朝而往,暮而归,四时之景不同,而乐亦无穷也。   至于负者歌于途,行者休于树,前者呼,后者应,伛偻提携,往来而不绝者,滁人游也。临溪而渔,溪深而鱼肥,酿泉为酒,泉香而酒洌,山肴野蔌,杂然而前陈者,太守宴也。宴酣之乐,非丝非竹,射者中,弈者胜,觥筹交错,起坐而喧哗者,众宾欢也。苍颜白发,颓然乎其间者,太守醉也。   已而夕阳在山,人影散乱,太守归而宾客从也。树林阴翳,鸣声上下,游人去而禽鸟乐也。然而禽鸟知山林之乐,而不知人之乐;人知从太守游而乐,而不知太守之乐其乐也。醉能同其乐,醒能述以文者,太守也。太守谓谁?庐陵欧阳修也。

  huan chu jie shan ye 。qi xi nan zhu feng ,lin zuo you mei ,wang zhi wei ran er shen xiu zhe ,lang zuo ye 。shan xing liu qi li ,jian wen shui sheng zuo zuo ,er xie chu yu liang feng zhi jian zhe ,niang quan ye 。feng hui lu zhuan ,you ting yi ran lin yu quan shang zhe ,zui weng ting ye 。zuo ting zhe shui ?shan zhi seng zhi xian ye 。ming zhi zhe shui ?tai shou zi wei ye 。tai shou yu ke lai yin yu ci ,yin shao zuo zui ,er nian you zui gao ,gu zi hao yue zui weng ye 。zui weng zhi yi bu zai jiu ,zai hu shan shui zhi jian ye 。shan shui zhi le ,de zhi xin er yu zhi jiu ye 。   ruo fu ri chu er lin zuo kai ,yun gui er yan xue zuo ,hui ming bian hua zhe ,shan jian zhi chao mu ye 。ye fang fa er you xiang ,jia mu xiu er fan yin ,feng shuang gao jie ,shui luo er shi chu zhe ,shan jian zhi si shi ye 。chao er wang ,mu er gui ,si shi zhi jing bu tong ,er le yi wu qiong ye 。   zhi yu fu zhe ge yu tu ,xing zhe xiu yu shu ,qian zhe hu ,hou zhe ying ,zuo zuo ti xie ,wang lai er bu jue zhe ,chu ren you ye 。lin xi er yu ,xi shen er yu fei ,niang quan wei jiu ,quan xiang er jiu zuo ,shan zuo ye zuo ,za ran er qian chen zhe ,tai shou yan ye 。yan han zhi le ,fei si fei zhu ,she zhe zhong ,zuo zhe sheng ,zuo chou jiao cuo ,qi zuo er xuan hua zhe ,zhong bin huan ye 。cang yan bai fa ,tui ran hu qi jian zhe ,tai shou zui ye 。   yi er xi yang zai shan ,ren ying san luan ,tai shou gui er bin ke cong ye 。shu lin yin zuo ,ming sheng shang xia ,you ren qu er qin niao le ye 。ran er qin niao zhi shan lin zhi le ,er bu zhi ren zhi le ;ren zhi cong tai shou you er le ,er bu zhi tai shou zhi le qi le ye 。zui neng tong qi le ,xing neng shu yi wen zhe ,tai shou ye 。tai shou wei shui ?lu ling ou yang xiu ye 。
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  秦王使人谓安陵君曰:“寡人欲以五百里之地易安陵,安陵君其许寡人!”安陵君曰:“大王加惠,以大易小,甚善;虽然,受地于先王,愿终守之,弗敢易!”秦王不说。安陵君因使唐雎使于秦。   秦王谓唐雎曰:“寡人以五百里之地易安陵,安陵君不听寡人,何也?且秦灭韩亡魏,而君以五十里之地存者,以君为长者,故不错意也。今吾以十倍之地,请广于君,而君逆寡人者,轻寡人与?”唐雎对曰:“否,非若是也。安陵君受地于先王而守之,虽千里不敢易也,岂直五百里哉?”   秦王怫然怒,谓唐雎曰:“公亦尝闻天子之怒乎?”唐雎对曰:“臣未尝闻也。”秦王曰:“天子之怒,伏尸百万,流血千里。”唐雎曰:“大王尝闻布衣之怒乎?”秦王曰:“布衣之怒,亦免冠徒跣,以头抢地尔。”唐雎曰:“此庸夫之怒也,非士之怒也。夫专诸之刺王僚也,彗星袭月;聂政之刺韩傀也,白虹贯日;要离之刺庆忌也,仓鹰击于殿上。此三子者,皆布衣之士也,怀怒未发,休祲降于天,与臣而将四矣。若士必怒,伏尸二人,流血五步,天下缟素,今日是也。”挺剑而起。?   秦王色挠,长跪而谢之曰:“先生坐!何至于此!寡人谕矣:夫韩、魏灭亡,而安陵以五十里之地存者,徒以有先生也。”

  qin wang shi ren wei an ling jun yue :“gua ren yu yi wu bai li zhi di yi an ling ,an ling jun qi xu gua ren !”an ling jun yue :“da wang jia hui ,yi da yi xiao ,shen shan ;sui ran ,shou di yu xian wang ,yuan zhong shou zhi ,fu gan yi !”qin wang bu shuo 。an ling jun yin shi tang zuo shi yu qin 。   qin wang wei tang zuo yue :“gua ren yi wu bai li zhi di yi an ling ,an ling jun bu ting gua ren ,he ye ?qie qin mie han wang wei ,er jun yi wu shi li zhi di cun zhe ,yi jun wei chang zhe ,gu bu cuo yi ye 。jin wu yi shi bei zhi di ,qing guang yu jun ,er jun ni gua ren zhe ,qing gua ren yu ?”tang zuo dui yue :“fou ,fei ruo shi ye 。an ling jun shou di yu xian wang er shou zhi ,sui qian li bu gan yi ye ,qi zhi wu bai li zai ?”   qin wang zuo ran nu ,wei tang zuo yue :“gong yi chang wen tian zi zhi nu hu ?”tang zuo dui yue :“chen wei chang wen ye 。”qin wang yue :“tian zi zhi nu ,fu shi bai wan ,liu xue qian li 。”tang zuo yue :“da wang chang wen bu yi zhi nu hu ?”qin wang yue :“bu yi zhi nu ,yi mian guan tu zuo ,yi tou qiang di er 。”tang zuo yue :“ci yong fu zhi nu ye ,fei shi zhi nu ye 。fu zhuan zhu zhi ci wang liao ye ,zuo xing xi yue ;nie zheng zhi ci han kui ye ,bai hong guan ri ;yao li zhi ci qing ji ye ,cang ying ji yu dian shang 。ci san zi zhe ,jie bu yi zhi shi ye ,huai nu wei fa ,xiu dai jiang yu tian ,yu chen er jiang si yi 。ruo shi bi nu ,fu shi er ren ,liu xue wu bu ,tian xia zuo su ,jin ri shi ye 。”ting jian er qi 。?   qin wang se nao ,chang gui er xie zhi yue :“xian sheng zuo !he zhi yu ci !gua ren zuo yi :fu han 、wei mie wang ,er an ling yi wu shi li zhi di cun zhe ,tu yi you xian sheng ye 。”
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曹刿论战


  十年春,齐师伐我。公将战,曹刿请见。其乡人曰:“肉食者谋之,又何间焉?”刿曰:“肉食者鄙,未能远谋。”乃入见。问:“何以战?”公曰:“衣食所安,弗敢专也,必以分人。”对曰:“小惠未遍,民弗从也。”公曰:“牺牲玉帛,弗敢加也,必以信。”对曰:“小信未孚,神弗福也。”公曰:“小大之狱,虽不能察,必以情。”对曰:“忠之属也。可以一战。战则请从。”(遍 同:徧)   公与之乘,战于长勺。公将鼓之。刿曰:“未可。”齐人三鼓。刿曰:“可矣。”齐师败绩。公将驰之。刿曰:“未可。”下视其辙,登轼而望之,曰:“可矣。”遂逐齐师。   既克,公问其故。对曰:“夫战,勇气也。一鼓作气,再而衰,三而竭。彼竭我盈,故克之。夫大国,难测也,惧有伏焉。吾视其辙乱,望其旗靡,故逐之。”

  shi nian chun ,qi shi fa wo 。gong jiang zhan ,cao zuo qing jian 。qi xiang ren yue :“rou shi zhe mou zhi ,you he jian yan ?”zuo yue :“rou shi zhe bi ,wei neng yuan mou 。”nai ru jian 。wen :“he yi zhan ?”gong yue :“yi shi suo an ,fu gan zhuan ye ,bi yi fen ren 。”dui yue :“xiao hui wei bian ,min fu cong ye 。”gong yue :“xi sheng yu bo ,fu gan jia ye ,bi yi xin 。”dui yue :“xiao xin wei zuo ,shen fu fu ye 。”gong yue :“xiao da zhi yu ,sui bu neng cha ,bi yi qing 。”dui yue :“zhong zhi shu ye 。ke yi yi zhan 。zhan ze qing cong 。”(bian tong : )   gong yu zhi cheng ,zhan yu chang shao 。gong jiang gu zhi 。zuo yue :“wei ke 。”qi ren san gu 。zuo yue :“ke yi 。”qi shi bai ji 。gong jiang chi zhi 。zuo yue :“wei ke 。”xia shi qi zhe ,deng zuo er wang zhi ,yue :“ke yi 。”sui zhu qi shi 。   ji ke ,gong wen qi gu 。dui yue :“fu zhan ,yong qi ye 。yi gu zuo qi ,zai er shuai ,san er jie 。bi jie wo ying ,gu ke zhi 。fu da guo ,nan ce ye ,ju you fu yan 。wu shi qi zhe luan ,wang qi qi mi ,gu zhu zhi 。”
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  邹忌修八尺有余,而形貌昳丽。朝服衣冠,窥镜,谓其妻曰:“我孰与城北徐公美?”其妻曰:“君美甚,徐公何能及君也?”城北徐公,齐国之美丽者也。忌不自信,而复问其妾曰:“吾孰与徐公美?”妾曰:“徐公何能及君也?”旦日,客从外来,与坐谈,问之客曰:“吾与徐公孰美?”客曰:“徐公不若君之美也。”明日徐公来,孰视之,自以为不如;窥镜而自视,又弗如远甚。暮寝而思之,曰:“吾妻之美我者,私我也;妾之美我者,畏我也;客之美我者,欲有求于我也。”   于是入朝见威王,曰:“臣诚知不如徐公美。臣之妻私臣,臣之妾畏臣,臣之客欲有求于臣,皆以美于徐公。今齐地方千里,百二十城,宫妇左右莫不私王,朝廷之臣莫不畏王,四境之内莫不有求于王:由此观之,王之蔽甚矣。”   王曰:“善。”乃下令:“群臣吏民能面刺寡人之过者,受上赏;上书谏寡人者,受中赏;能谤讥于市朝,闻寡人之耳者,受下赏。”令初下,群臣进谏,门庭若市;数月之后,时时而间进;期年之后,虽欲言,无可进者。燕、赵、韩、魏闻之,皆朝于齐。此所谓战胜于朝廷。

  zou ji xiu ba chi you yu ,er xing mao li 。chao fu yi guan ,kui jing ,wei qi qi yue :“wo shu yu cheng bei xu gong mei ?”qi qi yue :“jun mei shen ,xu gong he neng ji jun ye ?”cheng bei xu gong ,qi guo zhi mei li zhe ye 。ji bu zi xin ,er fu wen qi zuo yue :“wu shu yu xu gong mei ?”zuo yue :“xu gong he neng ji jun ye ?”dan ri ,ke cong wai lai ,yu zuo tan ,wen zhi ke yue :“wu yu xu gong shu mei ?”ke yue :“xu gong bu ruo jun zhi mei ye 。”ming ri xu gong lai ,shu shi zhi ,zi yi wei bu ru ;kui jing er zi shi ,you fu ru yuan shen 。mu qin er si zhi ,yue :“wu qi zhi mei wo zhe ,si wo ye ;zuo zhi mei wo zhe ,wei wo ye ;ke zhi mei wo zhe ,yu you qiu yu wo ye 。”   yu shi ru chao jian wei wang ,yue :“chen cheng zhi bu ru xu gong mei 。chen zhi qi si chen ,chen zhi zuo wei chen ,chen zhi ke yu you qiu yu chen ,jie yi mei yu xu gong 。jin qi di fang qian li ,bai er shi cheng ,gong fu zuo you mo bu si wang ,chao ting zhi chen mo bu wei wang ,si jing zhi nei mo bu you qiu yu wang :you ci guan zhi ,wang zhi bi shen yi 。”   wang yue :“shan 。”nai xia ling :“qun chen li min neng mian ci gua ren zhi guo zhe ,shou shang shang ;shang shu zuo gua ren zhe ,shou zhong shang ;neng bang ji yu shi chao ,wen gua ren zhi er zhe ,shou xia shang 。”ling chu xia ,qun chen jin zuo ,men ting ruo shi ;shu yue zhi hou ,shi shi er jian jin ;qi nian zhi hou ,sui yu yan ,wu ke jin zhe 。yan 、zhao 、han 、wei wen zhi ,jie chao yu qi 。ci suo wei zhan sheng yu chao ting 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  先帝创业未半而中道崩殂,今天下三分,益州疲弊,此诚危急存亡之秋也。然侍卫之臣不懈于内,忠志之士忘身于外者,盖追先帝之殊遇,欲报之于陛下也。诚宜开张圣听,以光先帝遗德,恢弘志士之气,不宜妄自菲薄,引喻失义,以塞忠谏之路也。   宫中府中,俱为一体;陟罚臧否,不宜异同。若有作奸犯科及为忠善者,宜付有司论其刑赏,以昭陛下平明之理,不宜偏私,使内外异法也。   侍中、侍郎郭攸之、费祎、董允等,此皆良实,志虑忠纯,是以先帝简拔以遗陛下。愚以为宫中之事,事无大小,悉以咨之,然后施行,必能裨补阙漏,有所广益。   将军向宠,性行淑均,晓畅军事,试用于昔日,先帝称之曰能,是以众议举宠为督。愚以为营中之事,悉以咨之,必能使行阵和睦,优劣得所。   亲贤臣,远小人,此先汉所以兴隆也;亲小人,远贤臣,此后汉所以倾颓也。先帝在时,每与臣论此事,未尝不叹息痛恨于桓、灵也。侍中、尚书、长史、参军,此悉贞良死节之臣,愿陛下亲之信之,则汉室之隆,可计日而待也。   臣本布衣,躬耕于南阳,苟全性命于乱世,不求闻达于诸侯。先帝不以臣卑鄙,猥自枉屈,三顾臣于草庐之中,咨臣以当世之事,由是感激,遂许先帝以驱驰。后值倾覆,受任于败军之际,奉命于危难之间,尔来二十有一年矣。   先帝知臣谨慎,故临崩寄臣以大事也。受命以来,夙夜忧叹,恐托付不效,以伤先帝之明;故五月渡泸,深入不毛。今南方已定,兵甲已足,当奖率三军,北定中原,庶竭驽钝,攘除奸凶,兴复汉室,还于旧都。此臣所以报先帝而忠陛下之职分也。至于斟酌损益,进尽忠言,则攸之、祎、允之任也。   愿陛下托臣以讨贼兴复之效,不效,则治臣之罪,以告先帝之灵。若无兴德之言,则责攸之、祎、允等之慢,以彰其咎;陛下亦宜自谋,以咨诹善道,察纳雅言,深追先帝遗诏。臣不胜受恩感激。今当远离,临表涕零,不知所言。

  xian di chuang ye wei ban er zhong dao beng zuo ,jin tian xia san fen ,yi zhou pi bi ,ci cheng wei ji cun wang zhi qiu ye 。ran shi wei zhi chen bu xie yu nei ,zhong zhi zhi shi wang shen yu wai zhe ,gai zhui xian di zhi shu yu ,yu bao zhi yu bi xia ye 。cheng yi kai zhang sheng ting ,yi guang xian di yi de ,hui hong zhi shi zhi qi ,bu yi wang zi fei bao ,yin yu shi yi ,yi sai zhong zuo zhi lu ye 。   gong zhong fu zhong ,ju wei yi ti ;zuo fa zuo fou ,bu yi yi tong 。ruo you zuo jian fan ke ji wei zhong shan zhe ,yi fu you si lun qi xing shang ,yi zhao bi xia ping ming zhi li ,bu yi pian si ,shi nei wai yi fa ye 。   shi zhong 、shi lang guo zuo zhi 、fei dai 、dong yun deng ,ci jie liang shi ,zhi lv zhong chun ,shi yi xian di jian ba yi yi bi xia 。yu yi wei gong zhong zhi shi ,shi wu da xiao ,xi yi zi zhi ,ran hou shi xing ,bi neng zuo bu zuo lou ,you suo guang yi 。   jiang jun xiang chong ,xing xing shu jun ,xiao chang jun shi ,shi yong yu xi ri ,xian di cheng zhi yue neng ,shi yi zhong yi ju chong wei du 。yu yi wei ying zhong zhi shi ,xi yi zi zhi ,bi neng shi xing zhen he mu ,you lie de suo 。   qin xian chen ,yuan xiao ren ,ci xian han suo yi xing long ye ;qin xiao ren ,yuan xian chen ,ci hou han suo yi qing tui ye 。xian di zai shi ,mei yu chen lun ci shi ,wei chang bu tan xi tong hen yu huan 、ling ye 。shi zhong 、shang shu 、chang shi 、can jun ,ci xi zhen liang si jie zhi chen ,yuan bi xia qin zhi xin zhi ,ze han shi zhi long ,ke ji ri er dai ye 。   chen ben bu yi ,gong geng yu nan yang ,gou quan xing ming yu luan shi ,bu qiu wen da yu zhu hou 。xian di bu yi chen bei bi ,zuo zi wang qu ,san gu chen yu cao lu zhi zhong ,zi chen yi dang shi zhi shi ,you shi gan ji ,sui xu xian di yi qu chi 。hou zhi qing fu ,shou ren yu bai jun zhi ji ,feng ming yu wei nan zhi jian ,er lai er shi you yi nian yi 。   xian di zhi chen jin shen ,gu lin beng ji chen yi da shi ye 。shou ming yi lai ,zuo ye you tan ,kong tuo fu bu xiao ,yi shang xian di zhi ming ;gu wu yue du zuo ,shen ru bu mao 。jin nan fang yi ding ,bing jia yi zu ,dang jiang lv san jun ,bei ding zhong yuan ,shu jie zuo dun ,rang chu jian xiong ,xing fu han shi ,huan yu jiu du 。ci chen suo yi bao xian di er zhong bi xia zhi zhi fen ye 。zhi yu zhen zhuo sun yi ,jin jin zhong yan ,ze zuo zhi 、dai 、yun zhi ren ye 。   yuan bi xia tuo chen yi tao zei xing fu zhi xiao ,bu xiao ,ze zhi chen zhi zui ,yi gao xian di zhi ling 。ruo wu xing de zhi yan ,ze ze zuo zhi 、dai 、yun deng zhi man ,yi zhang qi jiu ;bi xia yi yi zi mou ,yi zi zuo shan dao ,cha na ya yan ,shen zhui xian di yi zuo 。chen bu sheng shou en gan ji 。jin dang yuan li ,lin biao ti ling ,bu zhi suo yan 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

师说


  古之学者必有师。师者,所以传道受业解惑也。人非生而知之者,孰能无惑?惑而不从师,其为惑也,终不解矣。生乎吾前,其闻道也固先乎吾,吾从而师之;生乎吾后,其闻道也亦先乎吾,吾从而师之。吾师道也,夫庸知其年之先后生于吾乎?是故无贵无贱,无长无少,道之所存,师之所存也。   嗟乎!师道之不传也久矣!欲人之无惑也难矣!古之圣人,其出人也远矣,犹且从师而问焉;今之众人,其下圣人也亦远矣,而耻学于师。是故圣益圣,愚益愚。圣人之所以为圣,愚人之所以为愚,其皆出于此乎?爱其子,择师而教之;于其身也,则耻师焉,惑矣。彼童子之师,授之书而习其句读者,非吾所谓传其道解其惑者也。句读之不知,惑之不解,或师焉,或不焉,小学而大遗,吾未见其明也。巫医乐师百工之人,不耻相师。士大夫之族,曰师曰弟子云者,则群聚而笑之。问之,则曰:“彼与彼年相若也,道相似也,位卑则足羞,官盛则近谀。”呜呼!师道之不复,可知矣。巫医乐师百工之人,君子不齿,今其智乃反不能及,其可怪也欤!   圣人无常师。孔子师郯子、苌弘、师襄、老聃。郯子之徒,其贤不及孔子。孔子曰:三人行,则必有我师。是故弟子不必不如师,师不必贤于弟子,闻道有先后,术业有专攻,如是而已。   李氏子蟠,年十七,好古文,六艺经传皆通习之,不拘于时,学于余。余嘉其能行古道,作《师说》以贻之。

  gu zhi xue zhe bi you shi 。shi zhe ,suo yi chuan dao shou ye jie huo ye 。ren fei sheng er zhi zhi zhe ,shu neng wu huo ?huo er bu cong shi ,qi wei huo ye ,zhong bu jie yi 。sheng hu wu qian ,qi wen dao ye gu xian hu wu ,wu cong er shi zhi ;sheng hu wu hou ,qi wen dao ye yi xian hu wu ,wu cong er shi zhi 。wu shi dao ye ,fu yong zhi qi nian zhi xian hou sheng yu wu hu ?shi gu wu gui wu jian ,wu chang wu shao ,dao zhi suo cun ,shi zhi suo cun ye 。   zuo hu !shi dao zhi bu chuan ye jiu yi !yu ren zhi wu huo ye nan yi !gu zhi sheng ren ,qi chu ren ye yuan yi ,you qie cong shi er wen yan ;jin zhi zhong ren ,qi xia sheng ren ye yi yuan yi ,er chi xue yu shi 。shi gu sheng yi sheng ,yu yi yu 。sheng ren zhi suo yi wei sheng ,yu ren zhi suo yi wei yu ,qi jie chu yu ci hu ?ai qi zi ,ze shi er jiao zhi ;yu qi shen ye ,ze chi shi yan ,huo yi 。bi tong zi zhi shi ,shou zhi shu er xi qi ju du zhe ,fei wu suo wei chuan qi dao jie qi huo zhe ye 。ju du zhi bu zhi ,huo zhi bu jie ,huo shi yan ,huo bu yan ,xiao xue er da yi ,wu wei jian qi ming ye 。wu yi le shi bai gong zhi ren ,bu chi xiang shi 。shi da fu zhi zu ,yue shi yue di zi yun zhe ,ze qun ju er xiao zhi 。wen zhi ,ze yue :“bi yu bi nian xiang ruo ye ,dao xiang si ye ,wei bei ze zu xiu ,guan sheng ze jin zuo 。”wu hu !shi dao zhi bu fu ,ke zhi yi 。wu yi le shi bai gong zhi ren ,jun zi bu chi ,jin qi zhi nai fan bu neng ji ,qi ke guai ye zuo !   sheng ren wu chang shi 。kong zi shi zuo zi 、zuo hong 、shi xiang 、lao zuo 。zuo zi zhi tu ,qi xian bu ji kong zi 。kong zi yue :san ren xing ,ze bi you wo shi 。shi gu di zi bu bi bu ru shi ,shi bu bi xian yu di zi ,wen dao you xian hou ,shu ye you zhuan gong ,ru shi er yi 。   li shi zi zuo ,nian shi qi ,hao gu wen ,liu yi jing chuan jie tong xi zhi ,bu ju yu shi ,xue yu yu 。yu jia qi neng xing gu dao ,zuo 《shi shuo 》yi zuo zhi 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

赤壁赋


  壬戌之秋,七月既望,苏子与客泛舟,游于赤壁之下。清风徐来,水波不兴。举酒属客,诵明月之诗,歌窈窕之章。少焉,月出于东山之上,徘徊于斗牛之间。白露横江,水光接天。纵一苇之所如,凌万顷之茫然。浩浩乎如冯虚御风,而不知其所止;飘飘乎如遗世独立,羽化而登仙。(冯 通:凭)   于是饮酒乐甚,扣舷而歌之。歌曰:“桂棹兮兰桨,击空明兮溯流光。渺渺兮予怀,望美人兮天一方。”客有吹洞箫者,倚歌而和之。其声呜呜然,如怨如慕,如泣如诉;余音袅袅,不绝如缕。舞幽壑之潜蛟,泣孤舟之嫠妇。   苏子愀然,正襟危坐,而问客曰:“何为其然也?”客曰:“‘月明星稀,乌鹊南飞。’此非曹孟德之诗乎?西望夏口,东望武昌,山川相缪,郁乎苍苍,此非孟德之困于周郎者乎?方其破荆州,下江陵,顺流而东也,舳舻千里,旌旗蔽空,酾酒临江,横槊赋诗,固一世之雄也,而今安在哉?况吾与子渔樵于江渚之上,侣鱼虾而友麋鹿,驾一叶之扁舟,举匏樽以相属。寄蜉蝣于天地,渺沧海之一粟。哀吾生之须臾,羡长江之无穷。挟飞仙以遨游,抱明月而长终。知不可乎骤得,托遗响于悲风。”   苏子曰:“客亦知夫水与月乎?逝者如斯,而未尝往也;盈虚者如彼,而卒莫消长也。盖将自其变者而观之,则天地曾不能以一瞬;自其不变者而观之,则物与我皆无尽也,而又何羡乎!且夫天地之间,物各有主,苟非吾之所有,虽一毫而莫取。惟江上之清风,与山间之明月,耳得之而为声,目遇之而成色,取之无禁,用之不竭。是造物者之无尽藏也,而吾与子之所共适。”(共适 一作:共食)   客喜而笑,洗盏更酌。肴核既尽,杯盘狼籍。相与枕藉乎舟中,不知东方之既白。

  ren xu zhi qiu ,qi yue ji wang ,su zi yu ke fan zhou ,you yu chi bi zhi xia 。qing feng xu lai ,shui bo bu xing 。ju jiu shu ke ,song ming yue zhi shi ,ge zuo zuo zhi zhang 。shao yan ,yue chu yu dong shan zhi shang ,pai huai yu dou niu zhi jian 。bai lu heng jiang ,shui guang jie tian 。zong yi wei zhi suo ru ,ling wan qing zhi mang ran 。hao hao hu ru feng xu yu feng ,er bu zhi qi suo zhi ;piao piao hu ru yi shi du li ,yu hua er deng xian 。(feng tong :ping )   yu shi yin jiu le shen ,kou xian er ge zhi 。ge yue :“gui zuo zuo lan jiang ,ji kong ming zuo su liu guang 。miao miao zuo yu huai ,wang mei ren zuo tian yi fang 。”ke you chui dong zuo zhe ,yi ge er he zhi 。qi sheng wu wu ran ,ru yuan ru mu ,ru qi ru su ;yu yin zuo zuo ,bu jue ru lv 。wu you zuo zhi qian zuo ,qi gu zhou zhi zuo fu 。   su zi zuo ran ,zheng jin wei zuo ,er wen ke yue :“he wei qi ran ye ?”ke yue :“‘yue ming xing xi ,wu que nan fei 。’ci fei cao meng de zhi shi hu ?xi wang xia kou ,dong wang wu chang ,shan chuan xiang zuo ,yu hu cang cang ,ci fei meng de zhi kun yu zhou lang zhe hu ?fang qi po jing zhou ,xia jiang ling ,shun liu er dong ye ,zuo zuo qian li ,zuo qi bi kong ,zuo jiu lin jiang ,heng zuo fu shi ,gu yi shi zhi xiong ye ,er jin an zai zai ?kuang wu yu zi yu zuo yu jiang zuo zhi shang ,lv yu xia er you zuo lu ,jia yi ye zhi bian zhou ,ju zuo zuo yi xiang shu 。ji zuo zuo yu tian di ,miao cang hai zhi yi su 。ai wu sheng zhi xu zuo ,xian chang jiang zhi wu qiong 。xie fei xian yi zuo you ,bao ming yue er chang zhong 。zhi bu ke hu zhou de ,tuo yi xiang yu bei feng 。”   su zi yue :“ke yi zhi fu shui yu yue hu ?shi zhe ru si ,er wei chang wang ye ;ying xu zhe ru bi ,er zu mo xiao chang ye 。gai jiang zi qi bian zhe er guan zhi ,ze tian di zeng bu neng yi yi shun ;zi qi bu bian zhe er guan zhi ,ze wu yu wo jie wu jin ye ,er you he xian hu !qie fu tian di zhi jian ,wu ge you zhu ,gou fei wu zhi suo you ,sui yi hao er mo qu 。wei jiang shang zhi qing feng ,yu shan jian zhi ming yue ,er de zhi er wei sheng ,mu yu zhi er cheng se ,qu zhi wu jin ,yong zhi bu jie 。shi zao wu zhe zhi wu jin cang ye ,er wu yu zi zhi suo gong shi 。”(gong shi yi zuo :gong shi )   ke xi er xiao ,xi zhan geng zhuo 。zuo he ji jin ,bei pan lang ji 。xiang yu zhen jie hu zhou zhong ,bu zhi dong fang zhi ji bai 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

  晋侯、秦伯围郑,以其无礼于晋,且贰于楚也。晋军函陵,秦军氾南。   佚之狐言于郑伯曰:“国危矣,若使烛之武见秦君,师必退。”公从之。辞曰:“臣之壮也,犹不如人;今老矣,无能为也已。”公曰:“吾不能早用子,今急而求子,是寡人之过也。然郑亡,子亦有不利焉!”许之。   夜缒而出,见秦伯,曰:“秦、晋围郑,郑既知亡矣。若亡郑而有益于君,敢以烦执事。越国以鄙远,君知其难也,焉用亡郑以陪邻?邻之厚,君之薄也。若舍郑以为东道主,行李之往来,共其乏困,君亦无所害。且君尝为晋君赐矣,许君焦、瑕,朝济而夕设版焉,君之所知也。夫晋,何厌之有?既东封郑,又欲肆其西封,若不阙秦,将焉取之?阙秦以利晋,唯君图之。”秦伯说,与郑人盟。使杞子、逢孙、杨孙戍之,乃还。   子犯请击之。公曰:“不可。微夫人之力不及此。因人之力而敝之,不仁;失其所与,不知;以乱易整,不武。吾其还也。”亦去之。   (选自《左传》)

  jin hou 、qin bo wei zheng ,yi qi wu li yu jin ,qie er yu chu ye 。jin jun han ling ,qin jun nan 。   zuo zhi hu yan yu zheng bo yue :“guo wei yi ,ruo shi zhu zhi wu jian qin jun ,shi bi tui 。”gong cong zhi 。ci yue :“chen zhi zhuang ye ,you bu ru ren ;jin lao yi ,wu neng wei ye yi 。”gong yue :“wu bu neng zao yong zi ,jin ji er qiu zi ,shi gua ren zhi guo ye 。ran zheng wang ,zi yi you bu li yan !”xu zhi 。   ye zuo er chu ,jian qin bo ,yue :“qin 、jin wei zheng ,zheng ji zhi wang yi 。ruo wang zheng er you yi yu jun ,gan yi fan zhi shi 。yue guo yi bi yuan ,jun zhi qi nan ye ,yan yong wang zheng yi pei lin ?lin zhi hou ,jun zhi bao ye 。ruo she zheng yi wei dong dao zhu ,xing li zhi wang lai ,gong qi fa kun ,jun yi wu suo hai 。qie jun chang wei jin jun ci yi ,xu jun jiao 、zuo ,chao ji er xi she ban yan ,jun zhi suo zhi ye 。fu jin ,he yan zhi you ?ji dong feng zheng ,you yu si qi xi feng ,ruo bu zuo qin ,jiang yan qu zhi ?zuo qin yi li jin ,wei jun tu zhi 。”qin bo shuo ,yu zheng ren meng 。shi zuo zi 、feng sun 、yang sun shu zhi ,nai huan 。   zi fan qing ji zhi 。gong yue :“bu ke 。wei fu ren zhi li bu ji ci 。yin ren zhi li er bi zhi ,bu ren ;shi qi suo yu ,bu zhi ;yi luan yi zheng ,bu wu 。wu qi huan ye 。”yi qu zhi 。   (xuan zi 《zuo chuan 》)
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谏逐客书


  臣闻吏议逐客,窃以为过矣。昔缪公求士,西取由余于戎,东得百里奚于宛,迎蹇叔于宋,来丕豹、公孙支于晋。此五子者,不产于秦,而缪公用之,并国二十,遂霸西戎。孝公用商鞅之法,移风易俗,民以殷盛,国以富强,百姓乐用,诸侯亲服,获楚、魏之师,举地千里,至今治强。惠王用张仪之计,拔三川之地,西并巴、蜀,北收上郡,南取汉中,包九夷,制鄢、郢,东据成皋之险,割膏腴之壤,遂散六国之从,使之西面事秦,功施到今。昭王得范雎,废穰侯,逐华阳,强公室,杜私门,蚕食诸侯,使秦成帝业。此四君者,皆以客之功。由此观之,客何负于秦哉!向使四君却客而不内,疏士而不用,是使国无富利之实而秦无强大之名也。   今陛下致昆山之玉,有随、和之宝,垂明月之珠,服太阿之剑,乘纤离之马,建翠凤之旗,树灵鼍之鼓。此数宝者,秦不生一焉,而陛下说之,何也?必秦国之所生然后可,则是夜光之璧不饰朝廷,犀象之器不为玩好,郑、卫之女不充后宫,而骏良駃騠不实外厩,江南金锡不为用,西蜀丹青不为采。所以饰后宫,充下陈,娱心意,说耳目者,必出于秦然后可,则是宛珠之簪、傅玑之珥、阿缟之衣、锦绣之饰不进于前,而随俗雅化佳冶窈窕赵女不立于侧也。夫击瓮叩缶,弹筝搏髀,而歌呼呜呜快耳目者,真秦之声也;《郑》《卫》《桑间》《昭》《虞》《武》《象》者,异国之乐也。今弃击瓮叩缶而就《郑》《卫》,退弹筝而取《昭》《虞》,若是者何也?快意当前,适观而已矣。今取人则不然,不问可否,不论曲直,非秦者去,为客者逐。然则是所重者在乎色、乐、珠玉,而所轻者在乎人民也。此非所以跨海内、制诸侯之术也。   臣闻地广者粟多,国大者人众,兵强则士勇。是以太山不让土壤,故能成其大;河海不择细流,故能就其深;王者不却众庶,故能明其德。是以地无四方,民无异国,四时充美,鬼神降福,此五帝三王之所以无敌也。今乃弃黔首以资敌国,却宾客以业诸侯,使天下之士退而不敢西向,裹足不入秦,此所谓“藉寇兵而赍盗粮”者也。   夫物不产于秦,可宝者多;士不产于秦,而愿忠者众。今逐客以资敌国,损民以益仇,内自虚而外树怨于诸侯,求国无危,不可得也。

  chen wen li yi zhu ke ,qie yi wei guo yi 。xi zuo gong qiu shi ,xi qu you yu yu rong ,dong de bai li zuo yu wan ,ying zuo shu yu song ,lai zuo bao 、gong sun zhi yu jin 。ci wu zi zhe ,bu chan yu qin ,er zuo gong yong zhi ,bing guo er shi ,sui ba xi rong 。xiao gong yong shang zuo zhi fa ,yi feng yi su ,min yi yin sheng ,guo yi fu qiang ,bai xing le yong ,zhu hou qin fu ,huo chu 、wei zhi shi ,ju di qian li ,zhi jin zhi qiang 。hui wang yong zhang yi zhi ji ,ba san chuan zhi di ,xi bing ba 、shu ,bei shou shang jun ,nan qu han zhong ,bao jiu yi ,zhi zuo 、zuo ,dong ju cheng gao zhi xian ,ge gao zuo zhi rang ,sui san liu guo zhi cong ,shi zhi xi mian shi qin ,gong shi dao jin 。zhao wang de fan zuo ,fei zuo hou ,zhu hua yang ,qiang gong shi ,du si men ,can shi zhu hou ,shi qin cheng di ye 。ci si jun zhe ,jie yi ke zhi gong 。you ci guan zhi ,ke he fu yu qin zai !xiang shi si jun que ke er bu nei ,shu shi er bu yong ,shi shi guo wu fu li zhi shi er qin wu qiang da zhi ming ye 。   jin bi xia zhi kun shan zhi yu ,you sui 、he zhi bao ,chui ming yue zhi zhu ,fu tai a zhi jian ,cheng xian li zhi ma ,jian cui feng zhi qi ,shu ling zuo zhi gu 。ci shu bao zhe ,qin bu sheng yi yan ,er bi xia shuo zhi ,he ye ?bi qin guo zhi suo sheng ran hou ke ,ze shi ye guang zhi zuo bu shi chao ting ,xi xiang zhi qi bu wei wan hao ,zheng 、wei zhi nv bu chong hou gong ,er jun liang zuo zuo bu shi wai jiu ,jiang nan jin xi bu wei yong ,xi shu dan qing bu wei cai 。suo yi shi hou gong ,chong xia chen ,yu xin yi ,shuo er mu zhe ,bi chu yu qin ran hou ke ,ze shi wan zhu zhi zuo 、fu zuo zhi zuo 、a zuo zhi yi 、jin xiu zhi shi bu jin yu qian ,er sui su ya hua jia ye zuo zuo zhao nv bu li yu ce ye 。fu ji weng zuo zuo ,dan zuo bo zuo ,er ge hu wu wu kuai er mu zhe ,zhen qin zhi sheng ye ;《zheng 》《wei 》《sang jian 》《zhao 》《yu 》《wu 》《xiang 》zhe ,yi guo zhi le ye 。jin qi ji weng zuo zuo er jiu 《zheng 》《wei 》,tui dan zuo er qu 《zhao 》《yu 》,ruo shi zhe he ye ?kuai yi dang qian ,shi guan er yi yi 。jin qu ren ze bu ran ,bu wen ke fou ,bu lun qu zhi ,fei qin zhe qu ,wei ke zhe zhu 。ran ze shi suo zhong zhe zai hu se 、le 、zhu yu ,er suo qing zhe zai hu ren min ye 。ci fei suo yi kua hai nei 、zhi zhu hou zhi shu ye 。   chen wen di guang zhe su duo ,guo da zhe ren zhong ,bing qiang ze shi yong 。shi yi tai shan bu rang tu rang ,gu neng cheng qi da ;he hai bu ze xi liu ,gu neng jiu qi shen ;wang zhe bu que zhong shu ,gu neng ming qi de 。shi yi di wu si fang ,min wu yi guo ,si shi chong mei ,gui shen jiang fu ,ci wu di san wang zhi suo yi wu di ye 。jin nai qi qian shou yi zi di guo ,que bin ke yi ye zhu hou ,shi tian xia zhi shi tui er bu gan xi xiang ,guo zu bu ru qin ,ci suo wei “jie kou bing er zuo dao liang ”zhe ye 。   fu wu bu chan yu qin ,ke bao zhe duo ;shi bu chan yu qin ,er yuan zhong zhe zhong 。jin zhu ke yi zi di guo ,sun min yi yi chou ,nei zi xu er wai shu yuan yu zhu hou ,qiu guo wu wei ,bu ke de ye 。
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  臣闻求木之长者,必固其根本;欲流之远者,必浚其泉源;思国之安者,必积其德义。源不深而望流之远,根不固而求木之长,德不厚而思国之理,臣虽下愚,知其不可,而况于明哲乎!人君当神器之重,居域中之大,将崇极天之峻,永保无疆之休。不念居安思危,戒奢以俭,德不处其厚,情不胜其欲,斯亦伐根以求木茂,塞源而欲流长者也。(思国之理 一作:思国之治)   凡百元首,承天景命,莫不殷忧而道著,功成而德衰。有善始者实繁,能克终者盖寡。岂取之易而守之难乎?昔取之而有余,今守之而不足,何也?夫在殷忧,必竭诚以待下;既得志,则纵情以傲物。竭诚则吴越为一体,傲物则骨肉为行路。虽董之以严刑,振之以威怒,终苟免而不怀仁,貌恭而不心服。怨不在大,可畏惟人;载舟覆舟,所宜深慎;奔车朽索,其可忽乎!   君人者,诚能见可欲则思知足以自戒,将有作则思知止以安人,念高危则思谦冲而自牧,惧满溢则思江海下百川,乐盘游则思三驱以为度,忧懈怠则思慎始而敬终,虑壅蔽则思虚心以纳下,想谗邪则思正身以黜恶,恩所加则思无因喜以谬赏,罚所及则思无因怒而滥刑。总此十思,弘兹九德,简能而任之,择善而从之,则智者尽其谋,勇者竭其力,仁者播其惠,信者效其忠。文武争驰,在君无事,可以尽豫游之乐,可以养松、乔之寿,鸣琴垂拱,不言而化。何必劳神苦思,代下司职,役聪明之耳目,亏无为之大道哉!(想谗邪 一作:惧谗邪;弘兹 一作:宏兹;在君 一作:君臣)

  chen wen qiu mu zhi chang zhe ,bi gu qi gen ben ;yu liu zhi yuan zhe ,bi jun qi quan yuan ;si guo zhi an zhe ,bi ji qi de yi 。yuan bu shen er wang liu zhi yuan ,gen bu gu er qiu mu zhi chang ,de bu hou er si guo zhi li ,chen sui xia yu ,zhi qi bu ke ,er kuang yu ming zhe hu !ren jun dang shen qi zhi zhong ,ju yu zhong zhi da ,jiang chong ji tian zhi jun ,yong bao wu jiang zhi xiu 。bu nian ju an si wei ,jie she yi jian ,de bu chu qi hou ,qing bu sheng qi yu ,si yi fa gen yi qiu mu mao ,sai yuan er yu liu chang zhe ye 。(si guo zhi li yi zuo :si guo zhi zhi )   fan bai yuan shou ,cheng tian jing ming ,mo bu yin you er dao zhu ,gong cheng er de shuai 。you shan shi zhe shi fan ,neng ke zhong zhe gai gua 。qi qu zhi yi er shou zhi nan hu ?xi qu zhi er you yu ,jin shou zhi er bu zu ,he ye ?fu zai yin you ,bi jie cheng yi dai xia ;ji de zhi ,ze zong qing yi ao wu 。jie cheng ze wu yue wei yi ti ,ao wu ze gu rou wei xing lu 。sui dong zhi yi yan xing ,zhen zhi yi wei nu ,zhong gou mian er bu huai ren ,mao gong er bu xin fu 。yuan bu zai da ,ke wei wei ren ;zai zhou fu zhou ,suo yi shen shen ;ben che xiu suo ,qi ke hu hu !   jun ren zhe ,cheng neng jian ke yu ze si zhi zu yi zi jie ,jiang you zuo ze si zhi zhi yi an ren ,nian gao wei ze si qian chong er zi mu ,ju man yi ze si jiang hai xia bai chuan ,le pan you ze si san qu yi wei du ,you xie dai ze si shen shi er jing zhong ,lv zuo bi ze si xu xin yi na xia ,xiang chan xie ze si zheng shen yi zuo e ,en suo jia ze si wu yin xi yi miu shang ,fa suo ji ze si wu yin nu er lan xing 。zong ci shi si ,hong zi jiu de ,jian neng er ren zhi ,ze shan er cong zhi ,ze zhi zhe jin qi mou ,yong zhe jie qi li ,ren zhe bo qi hui ,xin zhe xiao qi zhong 。wen wu zheng chi ,zai jun wu shi ,ke yi jin yu you zhi le ,ke yi yang song 、qiao zhi shou ,ming qin chui gong ,bu yan er hua 。he bi lao shen ku si ,dai xia si zhi ,yi cong ming zhi er mu ,kui wu wei zhi da dao zai !(xiang chan xie yi zuo :ju chan xie ;hong zi yi zuo :hong zi ;zai jun yi zuo :jun chen )
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阿房宫赋


  六王毕,四海一,蜀山兀,阿房出。覆压三百余里,隔离天日。骊山北构而西折,直走咸阳。二川溶溶,流入宫墙。五步一楼,十步一阁;廊腰缦回,檐牙高啄;各抱地势,钩心斗角。盘盘焉,囷囷焉,蜂房水涡,矗不知其几千万落。长桥卧波,未云何龙?复道行空,不霁何虹?高低冥迷,不知西东。歌台暖响,春光融融;舞殿冷袖,风雨凄凄。一日之内,一宫之间,而气候不齐。(不知其 一作:不知乎;西东 一作:东西)   妃嫔媵嫱,王子皇孙,辞楼下殿,辇来于秦。朝歌夜弦,为秦宫人。明星荧荧,开妆镜也;绿云扰扰,梳晓鬟也;渭流涨腻,弃脂水也;烟斜雾横,焚椒兰也。雷霆乍惊,宫车过也;辘辘远听,杳不知其所之也。一肌一容,尽态极妍,缦立远视,而望幸焉。有不见者,三十六年。燕赵之收藏,韩魏之经营,齐楚之精英,几世几年,剽掠其人,倚叠如山。一旦不能有,输来其间。鼎铛玉石,金块珠砾,弃掷逦迤,秦人视之,亦不甚惜。(有不见者 一作:有不得见者)   嗟乎!一人之心,千万人之心也。秦爱纷奢,人亦念其家。奈何取之尽锱铢,用之如泥沙?使负栋之柱,多于南亩之农夫;架梁之椽,多于机上之工女;钉头磷磷,多于在庾之粟粒;瓦缝参差,多于周身之帛缕;直栏横槛,多于九土之城郭;管弦呕哑,多于市人之言语。使天下之人,不敢言而敢怒。独夫之心,日益骄固。戍卒叫,函谷举,楚人一炬,可怜焦土!   呜呼!灭六国者六国也,非秦也;族秦者秦也,非天下也。嗟乎!使六国各爱其人,则足以拒秦;使秦复爱六国之人,则递三世可至万世而为君,谁得而族灭也?秦人不暇自哀,而后人哀之;后人哀之而不鉴之,亦使后人而复哀后人也。

  liu wang bi ,si hai yi ,shu shan zuo ,a fang chu 。fu ya san bai yu li ,ge li tian ri 。zuo shan bei gou er xi zhe ,zhi zou xian yang 。er chuan rong rong ,liu ru gong qiang 。wu bu yi lou ,shi bu yi ge ;lang yao zuo hui ,zuo ya gao zhuo ;ge bao di shi ,gou xin dou jiao 。pan pan yan , yan ,feng fang shui wo ,chu bu zhi qi ji qian wan luo 。chang qiao wo bo ,wei yun he long ?fu dao xing kong ,bu zuo he hong ?gao di zuo mi ,bu zhi xi dong 。ge tai nuan xiang ,chun guang rong rong ;wu dian leng xiu ,feng yu qi qi 。yi ri zhi nei ,yi gong zhi jian ,er qi hou bu qi 。(bu zhi qi yi zuo :bu zhi hu ;xi dong yi zuo :dong xi )   zuo zuo zuo zuo ,wang zi huang sun ,ci lou xia dian ,zuo lai yu qin 。chao ge ye xian ,wei qin gong ren 。ming xing ying ying ,kai zhuang jing ye ;lv yun rao rao ,shu xiao zuo ye ;wei liu zhang ni ,qi zhi shui ye ;yan xie wu heng ,fen jiao lan ye 。lei zuo zha jing ,gong che guo ye ;zuo zuo yuan ting ,zuo bu zhi qi suo zhi ye 。yi ji yi rong ,jin tai ji zuo ,zuo li yuan shi ,er wang xing yan 。you bu jian zhe ,san shi liu nian 。yan zhao zhi shou cang ,han wei zhi jing ying ,qi chu zhi jing ying ,ji shi ji nian ,zuo lue qi ren ,yi die ru shan 。yi dan bu neng you ,shu lai qi jian 。ding zuo yu shi ,jin kuai zhu li ,qi zhi zuo zuo ,qin ren shi zhi ,yi bu shen xi 。(you bu jian zhe yi zuo :you bu de jian zhe )   zuo hu !yi ren zhi xin ,qian wan ren zhi xin ye 。qin ai fen she ,ren yi nian qi jia 。nai he qu zhi jin zuo zuo ,yong zhi ru ni sha ?shi fu dong zhi zhu ,duo yu nan mu zhi nong fu ;jia liang zhi chuan ,duo yu ji shang zhi gong nv ;ding tou lin lin ,duo yu zai zuo zhi su li ;wa feng can cha ,duo yu zhou shen zhi bo lv ;zhi lan heng jian ,duo yu jiu tu zhi cheng guo ;guan xian ou ya ,duo yu shi ren zhi yan yu 。shi tian xia zhi ren ,bu gan yan er gan nu 。du fu zhi xin ,ri yi jiao gu 。shu zu jiao ,han gu ju ,chu ren yi ju ,ke lian jiao tu !   wu hu !mie liu guo zhe liu guo ye ,fei qin ye ;zu qin zhe qin ye ,fei tian xia ye 。zuo hu !shi liu guo ge ai qi ren ,ze zu yi ju qin ;shi qin fu ai liu guo zhi ren ,ze di san shi ke zhi wan shi er wei jun ,shui de er zu mie ye ?qin ren bu xia zi ai ,er hou ren ai zhi ;hou ren ai zhi er bu jian zhi ,yi shi hou ren er fu ai hou ren ye 。
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