梅花岭记


  顺治二年乙酉四月,江都围急。督相史忠烈公知势不可为,集诸将而语之曰:“吾誓与城为殉,然仓皇中不可落于敌人之手以死,谁为我临期成此大节者?”副将军史德威慨然任之。忠烈喜曰:“吾尚未有子,汝当以同姓为吾后。吾上书太夫人,谱汝诸孙中。”   五日,城陷,忠烈拔刀自裁,诸将果争前抱持之。忠烈大呼德威,德威流涕,不能执刃,遂为诸将所拥而行。至小东门,大兵如林而至,马副使鸣騄、任太守民育及诸将刘都督肇基等皆死。忠烈乃瞠目曰:“我史阁部也。”被执至南门。和硕豫亲王以先生呼之,劝之。忠烈大骂而死。初,忠烈遗言:“我死当葬梅花岭上。”至是,德威求公之骨不可得,乃以衣冠葬之。   或曰:“城之破也,有亲见忠烈青衣乌帽,乘白马,出天宁门投江死者,未尝殒于城中也。”自有是言,大江南北遂谓忠烈未死。已而英、霍山师大起,皆托忠烈之名,仿佛陈涉之称项燕。吴中孙公兆奎以起兵不克,执至白下。经略洪承畴与之有旧,问曰:“先生在兵间,审知故扬州阁部史公果死耶,抑未死耶?”孙公答曰:“经略从北来,审知故松山殉难督师洪公果死耶,抑未死耶?”承畴大恚,急呼麾下驱出斩之。   呜呼!神仙诡诞之说,谓颜太师以兵解,文少保亦以悟大光明法蝉脱,实未尝死。不知忠义者圣贤家法,其气浩然,常留天地之间,何必出世入世之面目!神仙之说,所谓为蛇画足。即如忠烈遗骸,不可问矣,百年而后,予登岭上,与客述忠烈遗言,无不泪下如雨,想见当日围城光景,此即忠烈之面目宛然可遇,是不必问其果解脱否也,而况冒其未死之名者哉?   墓旁有丹徒钱烈女之冢,亦以乙酉在扬,凡五死而得绝,特告其父母火之,无留骨秽地,扬人葬之于此。江右王猷定、关中黄遵严、粤东屈大均为作传、铭、哀词。   顾尚有未尽表章者:予闻忠烈兄弟,自翰林可程下,尚有数人,其后皆来江都省墓。适英、霍山师败,捕得冒称忠烈者,大将发至江都,令史氏男女来认之。忠烈之第八弟已亡,其夫人年少有色,守节,亦出视之。大将艳其色,欲强娶之,夫人自裁而死。时以其出于大将之所逼也,莫敢为之表章者。   呜呼!忠烈尝恨可程在北,当易姓之间,不能仗节,出疏纠之。岂知身后乃有弟妇,以女子而踵兄公之余烈乎?梅花如雪,芳香不染。异日有作忠烈祠者,副使诸公,谅在从祀之列,当另为别室以祀夫人,附以烈女一辈也。
  shun zhi er nian yi you si yue ,jiang du wei ji 。du xiang shi zhong lie gong zhi shi bu ke wei ,ji zhu jiang er yu zhi yue :“wu shi yu cheng wei xun ,ran cang huang zhong bu ke luo yu di ren zhi shou yi si ,shui wei wo lin qi cheng ci da jie zhe ?”fu jiang jun shi de wei kai ran ren zhi 。zhong lie xi yue :“wu shang wei you zi ,ru dang yi tong xing wei wu hou 。wu shang shu tai fu ren ,pu ru zhu sun zhong 。”   wu ri ,cheng xian ,zhong lie ba dao zi cai ,zhu jiang guo zheng qian bao chi zhi 。zhong lie da hu de wei ,de wei liu ti ,bu neng zhi ren ,sui wei zhu jiang suo yong er xing 。zhi xiao dong men ,da bing ru lin er zhi ,ma fu shi ming zuo 、ren tai shou min yu ji zhu jiang liu du du zhao ji deng jie si 。zhong lie nai zuo mu yue :“wo shi ge bu ye 。”bei zhi zhi nan men 。he shuo yu qin wang yi xian sheng hu zhi ,quan zhi 。zhong lie da ma er si 。chu ,zhong lie yi yan :“wo si dang zang mei hua ling shang 。”zhi shi ,de wei qiu gong zhi gu bu ke de ,nai yi yi guan zang zhi 。   huo yue :“cheng zhi po ye ,you qin jian zhong lie qing yi wu mao ,cheng bai ma ,chu tian ning men tou jiang si zhe ,wei chang zuo yu cheng zhong ye 。”zi you shi yan ,da jiang nan bei sui wei zhong lie wei si 。yi er ying 、huo shan shi da qi ,jie tuo zhong lie zhi ming ,fang fo chen she zhi cheng xiang yan 。wu zhong sun gong zhao kui yi qi bing bu ke ,zhi zhi bai xia 。jing lue hong cheng chou yu zhi you jiu ,wen yue :“xian sheng zai bing jian ,shen zhi gu yang zhou ge bu shi gong guo si ye ,yi wei si ye ?”sun gong da yue :“jing lue cong bei lai ,shen zhi gu song shan xun nan du shi hong gong guo si ye ,yi wei si ye ?”cheng chou da zuo ,ji hu zuo xia qu chu zhan zhi 。   wu hu !shen xian gui dan zhi shuo ,wei yan tai shi yi bing jie ,wen shao bao yi yi wu da guang ming fa chan tuo ,shi wei chang si 。bu zhi zhong yi zhe sheng xian jia fa ,qi qi hao ran ,chang liu tian di zhi jian ,he bi chu shi ru shi zhi mian mu !shen xian zhi shuo ,suo wei wei she hua zu 。ji ru zhong lie yi hai ,bu ke wen yi ,bai nian er hou ,yu deng ling shang ,yu ke shu zhong lie yi yan ,wu bu lei xia ru yu ,xiang jian dang ri wei cheng guang jing ,ci ji zhong lie zhi mian mu wan ran ke yu ,shi bu bi wen qi guo jie tuo fou ye ,er kuang mao qi wei si zhi ming zhe zai ?   mu pang you dan tu qian lie nv zhi zuo ,yi yi yi you zai yang ,fan wu si er de jue ,te gao qi fu mu huo zhi ,wu liu gu hui di ,yang ren zang zhi yu ci 。jiang you wang zuo ding 、guan zhong huang zun yan 、yue dong qu da jun wei zuo chuan 、ming 、ai ci 。   gu shang you wei jin biao zhang zhe :yu wen zhong lie xiong di ,zi han lin ke cheng xia ,shang you shu ren ,qi hou jie lai jiang du sheng mu 。shi ying 、huo shan shi bai ,bo de mao cheng zhong lie zhe ,da jiang fa zhi jiang du ,ling shi shi nan nv lai ren zhi 。zhong lie zhi di ba di yi wang ,qi fu ren nian shao you se ,shou jie ,yi chu shi zhi 。da jiang yan qi se ,yu qiang qu zhi ,fu ren zi cai er si 。shi yi qi chu yu da jiang zhi suo bi ye ,mo gan wei zhi biao zhang zhe 。   wu hu !zhong lie chang hen ke cheng zai bei ,dang yi xing zhi jian ,bu neng zhang jie ,chu shu jiu zhi 。qi zhi shen hou nai you di fu ,yi nv zi er zuo xiong gong zhi yu lie hu ?mei hua ru xue ,fang xiang bu ran 。yi ri you zuo zhong lie zuo zhe ,fu shi zhu gong ,liang zai cong zuo zhi lie ,dang ling wei bie shi yi zuo fu ren ,fu yi lie nv yi bei ye 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

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译文及注释



译文  顺治二年乙酉(年)四月,江都被(清兵)围困的(形势)很危急。督相史忠烈公知道局势(已)不可挽救,(就)召集众将领告诉他们说:“我发誓与扬州城同作殉国(之物),但(在)匆忙慌乱中不能落在敌人的手里死去,谁(能)替我在城破时完成这个(为国而死)的大节呢?”副将军史德威悲痛激昂地(表示愿意)担负这一任务。忠烈高兴地说:“我还没有儿子,你应当凭同姓的关系作我的后嗣。我(要)写信(禀告)太夫人,把你(的名字)记入(我的)家谱,排在(太夫人的)孙儿辈中。”
  二十五日,(江都)城沦陷,忠烈抽出刀来自刎。众将领果然争着上前抱住他(不让他自杀)。忠烈大声呼唤德威,德
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拼音注释





yi wen ji zhu shi



yi wen   shun zhi er nian yi you (nian )si yue ,jiang du bei (qing bing )wei kun de (xing shi )hen wei ji 。du xiang shi zhong lie gong zhi dao ju shi (yi )bu ke wan jiu ,(jiu )zhao ji zhong jiang ling gao su ta men shuo :“wo fa shi yu yang zhou cheng tong zuo xun guo (zhi wu ),dan (zai )cong mang huang luan zhong bu neng luo zai di ren de shou li si qu ,shui (neng )ti wo zai cheng po shi wan cheng zhe ge (wei guo er si )de da jie ne ?”fu jiang jun shi de wei bei tong ji ang di (biao shi yuan yi )dan fu zhe yi ren wu 。zhong lie gao xing di shuo :“wo huan mei you er zi ,ni ying dang ping tong xing de guan xi zuo wo de hou si 。wo (yao )xie xin (zuo gao )tai fu ren ,ba ni (de ming zi )ji ru (wo de )jia pu ,pai zai (tai fu ren de )sun er bei zhong 。”
  er shi wu ri ,(jiang du )cheng lun xian ,zhong lie chou chu dao lai zi zuo 。zhong jiang ling guo ran zheng zhuo shang qian bao zhu ta (bu rang ta zi sha )。zhong lie da sheng hu huan de wei ,de
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《梅花岭记》的作者是谁?

《梅花岭记》的作者是"全祖望"。