正气歌


余囚北庭,坐一土室。室广八尺,深可四寻。单扉低小,白间短窄,污下而幽暗。当此夏日,诸气萃然:雨潦四集,浮动床几,时则为水气;涂泥半朝,蒸沤历澜,时则为土气;乍晴暴热,风道四塞,时则为日气;檐阴薪爨,助长炎虐,时则为火气;仓腐寄顿,陈陈逼人,时则为米气;骈肩杂遝,腥臊汗垢,时则为人气;或圊溷、或毁尸、或腐鼠,恶气杂出,时则为秽气。叠是数气,当之者鲜不为厉。而予以孱弱,俯仰其间,於兹二年矣,幸而无恙,是殆有养致然尔。然亦安知所养何哉?孟子曰:「吾善养吾浩然之气。」彼气有七,吾气有一,以一敌七,吾何患焉!况浩然者,乃天地之正气也,作正气歌一首。 天地有正气,杂然赋流形。下则为河岳,上则为日星。于人曰浩然,沛乎塞苍冥。皇路当清夷,含和吐明庭。时穷节乃见,一一垂丹青。在齐太史简,在晋董狐笔。在秦张良椎,在汉苏武节。为严将军头,为嵇侍中血。为张睢阳齿,为颜常山舌。或为辽东帽,清操厉冰雪。或为出师表,鬼神泣壮烈。或为渡江楫,慷慨吞胡羯。或为击贼笏,逆竖头破裂。是气所磅礴,凛烈万古存。当其贯日月,生死安足论。地维赖以立,天柱赖以尊。三纲实系命,道义为之根。嗟予遘阳九,隶也实不力。楚囚缨其冠,传车送穷北。鼎镬甘如饴,求之不可得。阴房阗鬼火,春院閟天黑。牛骥同一皂,鸡栖凤凰食。一朝蒙雾露,分作沟中瘠。如此再寒暑,百沴自辟易。嗟哉沮洳场,为我安乐国。岂有他缪巧,阴阳不能贼。顾此耿耿存,仰视浮云白。悠悠我心悲,苍天曷有极。哲人日已远,典型在夙昔。风檐展书读,古道照颜色。
yu qiu bei ting ,zuo yi tu shi 。shi guang ba chi ,shen ke si xun 。dan zuo di xiao ,bai jian duan zhai ,wu xia er you an 。dang ci xia ri ,zhu qi zuo ran :yu liao si ji ,fu dong chuang ji ,shi ze wei shui qi ;tu ni ban chao ,zheng ou li lan ,shi ze wei tu qi ;zha qing bao re ,feng dao si sai ,shi ze wei ri qi ;zuo yin xin zuo ,zhu chang yan nue ,shi ze wei huo qi ;cang fu ji dun ,chen chen bi ren ,shi ze wei mi qi ;zuo jian za zuo ,xing zuo han gou ,shi ze wei ren qi ;huo zuo zuo 、huo hui shi 、huo fu shu ,e qi za chu ,shi ze wei hui qi 。die shi shu qi ,dang zhi zhe xian bu wei li 。er yu yi zuo ruo ,fu yang qi jian ,zuo zi er nian yi ,xing er wu zuo ,shi dai you yang zhi ran er 。ran yi an zhi suo yang he zai ?meng zi yue :「wu shan yang wu hao ran zhi qi 。」bi qi you qi ,wu qi you yi ,yi yi di qi ,wu he huan yan !kuang hao ran zhe ,nai tian di zhi zheng qi ye ,zuo zheng qi ge yi shou 。 tian di you zheng qi ,za ran fu liu xing 。xia ze wei he yue ,shang ze wei ri xing 。yu ren yue hao ran ,pei hu sai cang zuo 。huang lu dang qing yi ,han he tu ming ting 。shi qiong jie nai jian ,yi yi chui dan qing 。zai qi tai shi jian ,zai jin dong hu bi 。zai qin zhang liang zhui ,zai han su wu jie 。wei yan jiang jun tou ,wei zuo shi zhong xue 。wei zhang zuo yang chi ,wei yan chang shan she 。huo wei liao dong mao ,qing cao li bing xue 。huo wei chu shi biao ,gui shen qi zhuang lie 。huo wei du jiang zuo ,kang kai tun hu zuo 。huo wei ji zei zuo ,ni shu tou po lie 。shi qi suo bang zuo ,lin lie wan gu cun 。dang qi guan ri yue ,sheng si an zu lun 。di wei lai yi li ,tian zhu lai yi zun 。san gang shi xi ming ,dao yi wei zhi gen 。zuo yu zuo yang jiu ,li ye shi bu li 。chu qiu ying qi guan ,chuan che song qiong bei 。ding zuo gan ru zuo ,qiu zhi bu ke de 。yin fang zuo gui huo ,chun yuan zuo tian hei 。niu zuo tong yi zao ,ji qi feng huang shi 。yi chao meng wu lu ,fen zuo gou zhong zuo 。ru ci zai han shu ,bai zi bi yi 。zuo zai ju zuo chang ,wei wo an le guo 。qi you ta zuo qiao ,yin yang bu neng zei 。gu ci geng geng cun ,yang shi fu yun bai 。you you wo xin bei ,cang tian zuo you ji 。zhe ren ri yi yuan ,dian xing zai zuo xi 。feng zuo zhan shu du ,gu dao zhao yan se 。
※提示:拼音为程序生成,因此多音字的拼音可能不准确。

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译文及注释



译文我被囚禁在北国的都城,住在一间土屋内。土屋有八尺宽,大约四寻深。有一道单扇门又低又小,一扇白木窗子又短又窄,地方又脏又矮,又湿又暗。碰到这夏天,各种气味都汇聚在一起:雨水从四面流进来,甚至漂起床、几,这时屋子里都是水气;屋里的污泥因很少照到阳光,蒸熏恶臭,这时屋子里都是土气;突然天晴暴热,四处的风道又被堵塞,这时屋子里都是日气;有人在屋檐下烧柴火做饭,助长了炎热的肆虐,这时屋子里都是火气;仓库里储藏了很多腐烂的粮食,阵阵霉味逼人,这时屋子里都是霉烂的米气;关在这里的人多,拥挤杂乱,到处散发着腥臊汗臭,这时屋子里都是人气;又是粪便,又是腐尸,又是死鼠,各种各样的恶臭一起散发
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拼音注释





yi wen ji zhu shi



yi wen wo bei qiu jin zai bei guo de du cheng ,zhu zai yi jian tu wu nei 。tu wu you ba chi kuan ,da yue si xun shen 。you yi dao dan shan men you di you xiao ,yi shan bai mu chuang zi you duan you zhai ,di fang you zang you ai ,you shi you an 。peng dao zhe xia tian ,ge zhong qi wei du hui ju zai yi qi :yu shui cong si mian liu jin lai ,shen zhi piao qi chuang 、ji ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi shui qi ;wu li de wu ni yin hen shao zhao dao yang guang ,zheng xun e chou ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi tu qi ;tu ran tian qing bao re ,si chu de feng dao you bei du sai ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi ri qi ;you ren zai wu zuo xia shao chai huo zuo fan ,zhu chang liao yan re de si nue ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi huo qi ;cang ku li chu cang liao hen duo fu lan de liang shi ,zhen zhen mei wei bi ren ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi mei lan de mi qi ;guan zai zhe li de ren duo ,yong ji za luan ,dao chu san fa zhuo xing zuo han chou ,zhe shi wu zi li du shi ren qi ;you shi fen bian ,you shi fu shi ,you shi si shu ,ge zhong ge yang de e chou yi qi san fa
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